These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?

Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number you’re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?

Watch this film carefully. Can you find a general rule for explaining when the dot will be this same distance from the horizontal axis?

Take a counter and surround it by a ring of other counters that MUST touch two others. How many are needed?

In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.

Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?

How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up with the same arrangement?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.

Can you continue this pattern of triangles and begin to predict how many sticks are used for each new "layer"?

Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?

While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

Watch this video to see how to roll the dice. Now it's your turn! What do you notice about the dice numbers you have recorded?

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?

Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.

What would be the smallest number of moves needed to move a Knight from a chess set from one corner to the opposite corner of a 99 by 99 square board?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

Compare the numbers of particular tiles in one or all of these three designs, inspired by the floor tiles of a church in Cambridge.

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Triangle numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

How many different journeys could you make if you were going to visit four stations in this network? How about if there were five stations? Can you predict the number of journeys for seven stations?

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.