Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?

In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.

Watch this film carefully. Can you find a general rule for explaining when the dot will be this same distance from the horizontal axis?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Take a counter and surround it by a ring of other counters that MUST touch two others. How many are needed?

These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?

Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number youâ€™re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up with the same arrangement?

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

What would be the smallest number of moves needed to move a Knight from a chess set from one corner to the opposite corner of a 99 by 99 square board?

Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

Triangle numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.

This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.

Can you continue this pattern of triangles and begin to predict how many sticks are used for each new "layer"?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?

Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Are these statements relating to odd and even numbers always true, sometimes true or never true?

Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Watch this video to see how to roll the dice. Now it's your turn! What do you notice about the dice numbers you have recorded?

The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?