Take a counter and surround it by a ring of other counters that MUST touch two others. How many are needed?

These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?

Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?

In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.

Watch this film carefully. Can you find a general rule for explaining when the dot will be this same distance from the horizontal axis?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number youâ€™re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?

How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up with the same arrangement?

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?

Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

Can you continue this pattern of triangles and begin to predict how many sticks are used for each new "layer"?

Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

Are these statements relating to odd and even numbers always true, sometimes true or never true?

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

In how many different ways can you break up a stick of 7 interlocking cubes? Now try with a stick of 8 cubes and a stick of 6 cubes.

What would be the smallest number of moves needed to move a Knight from a chess set from one corner to the opposite corner of a 99 by 99 square board?

Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Compare the numbers of particular tiles in one or all of these three designs, inspired by the floor tiles of a church in Cambridge.

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?

Watch this video to see how to roll the dice. Now it's your turn! What do you notice about the dice numbers you have recorded?

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?

Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.

What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?

What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.

Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?