Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

Ben’s class were making cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.

Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

The sum of the numbers 4 and 1 [1/3] is the same as the product of 4 and 1 [1/3]; that is to say 4 + 1 [1/3] = 4 × 1 [1/3]. What other numbers have the sum equal to the product and can this be so for. . . .

The Egyptians expressed all fractions as the sum of different unit fractions. Here is a chance to explore how they could have written different fractions.

It would be nice to have a strategy for disentangling any tangled ropes...

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .

Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?

In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.

Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number you’re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?

Compare the numbers of particular tiles in one or all of these three designs, inspired by the floor tiles of a church in Cambridge.

Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?

One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?