This problem challenges you to find out how many odd numbers there are between pairs of numbers. Can you find a pair of numbers that has four odds between them?

Can you work out how to win this game of Nim? Does it matter if you go first or second?

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

Frances and Rishi were given a bag of lollies. They shared them out evenly and had one left over. How many lollies could there have been in the bag?

Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?

If there are 3 squares in the ring, can you place three different numbers in them so that their differences are odd? Try with different numbers of squares around the ring. What do you notice?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

Ben’s class were making cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Ben and his mum are planting garlic. Use the interactivity to help you find out how many cloves of garlic they might have had.

This challenge is about finding the difference between numbers which have the same tens digit.

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

In this calculation, the box represents a missing digit. What could the digit be? What would the solution be in each case?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

Two children made up a game as they walked along the garden paths. Can you find out their scores? Can you find some paths of your own?

Stop the Clock game for an adult and child. How can you make sure you always win this game?

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?

Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

It starts quite simple but great opportunities for number discoveries and patterns!

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Watch this film carefully. Can you find a general rule for explaining when the dot will be this same distance from the horizontal axis?

How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up with the same arrangement?

The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?

Take a counter and surround it by a ring of other counters that MUST touch two others. How many are needed?

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?