Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number youâ€™re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?

In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.

Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?

Take a counter and surround it by a ring of other counters that MUST touch two others. How many are needed?

If there are 3 squares in the ring, can you place three different numbers in them so that their differences are odd? Try with different numbers of squares around the ring. What do you notice?

Watch this film carefully. Can you find a general rule for explaining when the dot will be this same distance from the horizontal axis?

These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?

Stop the Clock game for an adult and child. How can you make sure you always win this game?

This is a game for two players. Can you find out how to be the first to get to 12 o'clock?

How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up with the same arrangement?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Ben and his mum are planting garlic. Use the interactivity to help you find out how many cloves of garlic they might have had.

While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?

Can you continue this pattern of triangles and begin to predict how many sticks are used for each new "layer"?

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.

Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

Are these statements relating to odd and even numbers always true, sometimes true or never true?

Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

This challenge is about finding the difference between numbers which have the same tens digit.

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

Two children made up a game as they walked along the garden paths. Can you find out their scores? Can you find some paths of your own?

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

Frances and Rishi were given a bag of lollies. They shared them out evenly and had one left over. How many lollies could there have been in the bag?

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Compare the numbers of particular tiles in one or all of these three designs, inspired by the floor tiles of a church in Cambridge.

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

A game for 2 players with similaritlies to NIM. Place one counter on each spot on the games board. Players take it is turns to remove 1 or 2 adjacent counters. The winner picks up the last counter.

One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?

Can you work out how to win this game of Nim? Does it matter if you go first or second?

Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.

Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.

Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical concepts and skills. Read here for more information.

What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?

This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.