The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

This problem challenges you to find out how many odd numbers there are between pairs of numbers. Can you find a pair of numbers that has four odds between them?

Two children made up a game as they walked along the garden paths. Can you find out their scores? Can you find some paths of your own?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

If there are 3 squares in the ring, can you place three different numbers in them so that their differences are odd? Try with different numbers of squares around the ring. What do you notice?

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

A package contains a set of resources designed to develop pupils’ mathematical thinking. This package places a particular emphasis on “generalising” and is designed to meet the. . . .

Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?

How many centimetres of rope will I need to make another mat just like the one I have here?

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

It starts quite simple but great opportunities for number discoveries and patterns!

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

This challenge is about finding the difference between numbers which have the same tens digit.

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

In this calculation, the box represents a missing digit. What could the digit be? What would the solution be in each case?

Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.

In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.

Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.

This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.

What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?

Stop the Clock game for an adult and child. How can you make sure you always win this game?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Watch this film carefully. Can you find a general rule for explaining when the dot will be this same distance from the horizontal axis?

Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?

Take a counter and surround it by a ring of other counters that MUST touch two others. How many are needed?

How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up with the same arrangement?

Can you work out how to win this game of Nim? Does it matter if you go first or second?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?

How many different journeys could you make if you were going to visit four stations in this network? How about if there were five stations? Can you predict the number of journeys for seven stations?

Compare the numbers of particular tiles in one or all of these three designs, inspired by the floor tiles of a church in Cambridge.

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?