Do you know how to find the area of a triangle? You can count the squares. What happens if we turn the triangle on end? Press the button and see. Try counting the number of units in the triangle now. . . .

Show that among the interior angles of a convex polygon there cannot be more than three acute angles.

Make an eight by eight square, the layout is the same as a chessboard. You can print out and use the square below. What is the area of the square? Divide the square in the way shown by the red dashed. . . .

Draw some quadrilaterals on a 9-point circle and work out the angles. Is there a theorem?

Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?

I start with a red, a green and a blue marble. I can trade any of my marbles for two others, one of each colour. Can I end up with five more blue marbles than red after a number of such trades?

Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical concepts and skills. Read here for more information.

This article introduces the idea of generic proof for younger children and illustrates how one example can offer a proof of a general result through unpacking its underlying structure.

Some puzzles requiring no knowledge of knot theory, just a careful inspection of the patterns. A glimpse of the classification of knots and a little about prime knots, crossing numbers and. . . .

In how many distinct ways can six islands be joined by bridges so that each island can be reached from every other island...

Take any whole number between 1 and 999, add the squares of the digits to get a new number. Make some conjectures about what happens in general.

There are four children in a family, two girls, Kate and Sally, and two boys, Tom and Ben. How old are the children?

Can you cross each of the seven bridges that join the north and south of the river to the two islands, once and once only, without retracing your steps?

A paradox is a statement that seems to be both untrue and true at the same time. This article looks at a few examples and challenges you to investigate them for yourself.

Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?

What happens to the perimeter of triangle ABC as the two smaller circles change size and roll around inside the bigger circle?

Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

Use the numbers in the box below to make the base of a top-heavy pyramid whose top number is 200.

Learn about the link between logical arguments and electronic circuits. Investigate the logical connectives by making and testing your own circuits and fill in the blanks in truth tables to record. . . .

Consider the equation 1/a + 1/b + 1/c = 1 where a, b and c are natural numbers and 0 < a < b < c. Prove that there is only one set of values which satisfy this equation.

If you know the sizes of the angles marked with coloured dots in this diagram which angles can you find by calculation?

Six points are arranged in space so that no three are collinear. How many line segments can be formed by joining the points in pairs?

Find the area of the annulus in terms of the length of the chord which is tangent to the inner circle.

Learn about the link between logical arguments and electronic circuits. Investigate the logical connectives by making and testing your own circuits and record your findings in truth tables.

Choose a couple of the sequences. Try to picture how to make the next, and the next, and the next... Can you describe your reasoning?

What happens when you add three numbers together? Will your answer be odd or even? How do you know?

Can you visualise whether these nets fold up into 3D shapes? Watch the videos each time to see if you were correct.

After some matches were played, most of the information in the table containing the results of the games was accidentally deleted. What was the score in each match played?

Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?

Here are some examples of 'cons', and see if you can figure out where the trick is.

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle ABCD. A circle passing through points ABCD carves out four crescent-shaped regions. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to. . . .

Carry out cyclic permutations of nine digit numbers containing the digits from 1 to 9 (until you get back to the first number). Prove that whatever number you choose, they will add to the same total.

What does logic mean to us and is that different to mathematical logic? We will explore these questions in this article.

A game for 2 players that can be played online. Players take it in turns to select a word from the 9 words given. The aim is to select all the occurrences of the same letter.

Euler discussed whether or not it was possible to stroll around Koenigsberg crossing each of its seven bridges exactly once. Experiment with different numbers of islands and bridges.

Spotting patterns can be an important first step - explaining why it is appropriate to generalise is the next step, and often the most interesting and important.

Points A, B and C are the centres of three circles, each one of which touches the other two. Prove that the perimeter of the triangle ABC is equal to the diameter of the largest circle.

Is it possible to rearrange the numbers 1,2......12 around a clock face in such a way that every two numbers in adjacent positions differ by any of 3, 4 or 5 hours?

Your partner chooses two beads and places them side by side behind a screen. What is the minimum number of guesses you would need to be sure of guessing the two beads and their positions?

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .

Baker, Cooper, Jones and Smith are four people whose occupations are teacher, welder, mechanic and programmer, but not necessarily in that order. What is each person’s occupation?

In how many ways can you arrange three dice side by side on a surface so that the sum of the numbers on each of the four faces (top, bottom, front and back) is equal?