Consider all of the five digit numbers which we can form using only the digits 2, 4, 6 and 8. If these numbers are arranged in ascending order, what is the 512th number?

32 x 38 = 30 x 40 + 2 x 8; 34 x 36 = 30 x 40 + 4 x 6; 56 x 54 = 50 x 60 + 6 x 4; 73 x 77 = 70 x 80 + 3 x 7 Verify and generalise if possible.

The number 3723(in base 10) is written as 123 in another base. What is that base?

This addition sum uses all ten digits 0, 1, 2...9 exactly once. Find the sum and show that the one you give is the only possibility.

Choose two digits and arrange them to make two double-digit numbers. Now add your double-digit numbers. Now add your single digit numbers. Divide your double-digit answer by your single-digit answer. . . .

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

This is a game in which your counters move in a spiral round the snail's shell. It is about understanding tens and units.

This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.

Each child in Class 3 took four numbers out of the bag. Who had made the highest even number?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

There are six numbers written in five different scripts. Can you sort out which is which?

Can you arrange the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 into three 3-digit numbers such that their total is close to 1500?

How many positive integers less than or equal to 4000 can be written down without using the digits 7, 8 or 9?

Can you create a Latin Square from multiples of a six digit number?

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Exploring the structure of a number square: how quickly can you put the number tiles in the right place on the grid?

Investigate the different ways these aliens count in this challenge. You could start by thinking about how each of them would write our number 7.

How many six digit numbers are there which DO NOT contain a 5?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

You have two sets of the digits 0 – 9. Can you arrange these in the five boxes to make four-digit numbers as close to the target numbers as possible?

Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts 4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you explain your findings?

What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

Number problems for inquiring primary learners.

There are two forms of counting on Vuvv - Zios count in base 3 and Zepts count in base 7. One day four of these creatures, two Zios and two Zepts, sat on the summit of a hill to count the legs of. . . .

How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.

A school song book contains 700 songs. The numbers of the songs are displayed by combining special small single-digit boards. What is the minimum number of small boards that is needed?

Pick the number of times a week that you eat chocolate. This number must be more than one but less than ten. Multiply this number by 2. Add 5 (for Sunday). Multiply by 50... Can you explain why it. . . .

The number 27 is special because it is three times the sum of its digits 27 = 3 (2 + 7). Find some two digit numbers that are SEVEN times the sum of their digits (seven-up numbers)?

Take the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 and imagine them written down in every possible order to give 5 digit numbers. Find the sum of the resulting numbers.

What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?

Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

Consider all two digit numbers (10, 11, . . . ,99). In writing down all these numbers, which digits occur least often, and which occur most often ? What about three digit numbers, four digit numbers. . . .

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

Using balancing scales what is the least number of weights needed to weigh all integer masses from 1 to 1000? Placing some of the weights in the same pan as the object how many are needed?

In this 100 square, look at the green square which contains the numbers 2, 3, 12 and 13. What is the sum of the numbers that are diagonally opposite each other? What do you notice?

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

Four strategy dice games to consolidate pupils' understanding of rounding.

Dicey Operations for an adult and child. Can you get close to 1000 than your partner?

Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for an adult and child. Use your knowledge of place value to beat your opponent.

Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME

Nowadays the calculator is very familiar to many of us. What did people do to save time working out more difficult problems before the calculator existed?

There are nasty versions of this dice game but we'll start with the nice ones...

Think of a two digit number, reverse the digits, and add the numbers together. Something special happens...