Replace each letter with a digit to make this addition correct.
Choose two digits and arrange them to make two double-digit
numbers. Now add your double-digit numbers. Now add your single
digit numbers. Divide your double-digit answer by your single-digit
answer. . . .
This addition sum uses all ten digits 0, 1, 2...9 exactly once.
Find the sum and show that the one you give is the only
Can you arrange the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 into three 3-digit
numbers such that their total is close to 1500?
Each child in Class 3 took four numbers out of the bag. Who had
made the highest even number?
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
There are six numbers written in five different scripts. Can you sort out which is which?
The number 3723(in base 10) is written as 123 in another base. What
is that base?
This is a game in which your counters move in a spiral round the snail's shell. It is about understanding tens and units.
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Investigate the different ways these aliens count in this
challenge. You could start by thinking about how each of them would
write our number 7.
There are two forms of counting on Vuvv - Zios count in base 3 and
Zepts count in base 7. One day four of these creatures, two Zios
and two Zepts, sat on the summit of a hill to count the legs of. . . .
You have two sets of the digits 0 – 9. Can you arrange these in the five boxes to make four-digit numbers as close to the target numbers as possible?
Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
What is the sum of all the digits in all the integers from one to
A church hymn book contains 700 hymns. The numbers of the hymns are
displayed by combining special small single-digit boards. What is
the minimum number of small boards that is needed?
Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this
grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the
number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?
How many six digit numbers are there which DO NOT contain a 5?
When asked how old she was, the teacher replied: My age in years is
not prime but odd and when reversed and added to my age you have a
A car's milometer reads 4631 miles and the trip meter has 173.3 on
it. How many more miles must the car travel before the two numbers
contain the same digits in the same order?
Exploring the structure of a number square: how quickly can you put the number tiles in the right place on the grid?
What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?
32 x 38 = 30 x 40 + 2 x 8; 34 x 36 = 30 x 40 + 4 x 6; 56 x 54 = 50
x 60 + 6 x 4; 73 x 77 = 70 x 80 + 3 x 7 Verify and generalise if
Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts
4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you
explain your findings?
What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?
Consider all two digit numbers (10, 11, . . . ,99). In writing down
all these numbers, which digits occur least often, and which occur
most often ? What about three digit numbers, four digit numbers. . . .
This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.
How many positive integers less than or equal to 4000 can be
written down without using the digits 7, 8 or 9?
Take the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 and imagine them written down in
every possible order to give 5 digit numbers. Find the sum of the
Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is
How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.
When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the
answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is
represented by an "x" .
Take any four digit number. Move the first digit to the 'back of
the queue' and move the rest along. Now add your two numbers. What
properties do your answers always have?
There are nasty versions of this dice game but we'll start with the nice ones...
Take any two digit number, for example 58. What do you have to do to reverse the order of the digits? Can you find a rule for reversing the order of digits for any two digit number?
Pick the number of times a week that you eat chocolate. This number must be more than one but less than ten.
Multiply this number by 2. Add 5 (for Sunday). Multiply by 50... Can you explain why it. . . .
four strategy dice games to consolidate pupils' understanding of rounding.
This 100 square jigsaw is written in code. It starts with 1 and ends with 100. Can you build it up?
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
Think of a two digit number, reverse the digits, and add the numbers together. Something special happens...
The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1
... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?
In this 100 square, look at the green square which contains the numbers 2, 3, 12 and 13. What is the sum of the numbers that are diagonally opposite each other? What do you notice?
Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your
calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add,
subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
Nowadays the calculator is very familiar to many of us. What did
people do to save time working out more difficult problems before
the calculator existed?
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one
solution in each case?
Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for an adult and child. Use your knowledge of place value to beat your oponent.
The number 27 is special because it is three times the sum of its digits 27 = 3 (2 + 7). Find some two digit numbers that are SEVEN times the sum of their digits (seven-up numbers)?
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?