Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this
grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the
number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?
Think of any three-digit number. Repeat the digits. The 6-digit
number that you end up with is divisible by 91. Is this a
What is the sum of all the digits in all the integers from one to
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
Amazing as it may seem the three fives remaining in the following
`skeleton' are sufficient to reconstruct the entire long division
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Can you show that 1^99 + 2^99 + 3^99 + 4^99 + 5^99 is divisible by
Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of
problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made
it gives access to many similar ideas.
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts
4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you
explain your findings?
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
Number problems at primary level to work on with others.
When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the
answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is
represented by an "x" .
Can you arrange the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 into three 3-digit
numbers such that their total is close to 1500?
Each child in Class 3 took four numbers out of the bag. Who had
made the highest even number?
A school song book contains 700 songs. The numbers of the songs are displayed by combining special small single-digit boards. What is the minimum number of small boards that is needed?
Who said that adding couldn't be fun?
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
There are six numbers written in five different scripts. Can you sort out which is which?
We are used to writing numbers in base ten, using 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9. Eg. 75 means 7 tens and five units. This article explains how numbers can be written in any number base.
Choose two digits and arrange them to make two double-digit
numbers. Now add your double-digit numbers. Now add your single
digit numbers. Divide your double-digit answer by your single-digit
answer. . . .
Take the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 and imagine them written down in
every possible order to give 5 digit numbers. Find the sum of the
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other
numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?
Exploring the structure of a number square: how quickly can you put the number tiles in the right place on the grid?
A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?
Four strategy dice games to consolidate pupils' understanding of rounding.
This is a game in which your counters move in a spiral round the snail's shell. It is about understanding tens and units.
Follow the clues to find the mystery number.
Number problems for inquiring primary learners.
You have two sets of the digits 0 – 9. Can you arrange these in the five boxes to make four-digit numbers as close to the target numbers as possible?
A church hymn book contains 700 hymns. The numbers of the hymns are
displayed by combining special small single-digit boards. What is
the minimum number of small boards that is needed?
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one
solution in each case?
Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?
The number 3723(in base 10) is written as 123 in another base. What
is that base?
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
There are two forms of counting on Vuvv - Zios count in base 3 and
Zepts count in base 7. One day four of these creatures, two Zios
and two Zepts, sat on the summit of a hill to count the legs of. . . .
Explore the relationship between simple linear functions and their
Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.
This article, written for teachers, looks at the different kinds of
recordings encountered in Primary Mathematics lessons and the
importance of not jumping to conclusions!
Can you substitute numbers for the letters in these sums?
Take any two digit number, for example 58. What do you have to do to reverse the order of the digits? Can you find a rule for reversing the order of digits for any two digit number?
How many six digit numbers are there which DO NOT contain a 5?
This addition sum uses all ten digits 0, 1, 2...9 exactly once.
Find the sum and show that the one you give is the only
Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for an adult and child. Use your knowledge of place value to beat your opponent.
Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME