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Broad Topics > Numbers and the Number System > Place value

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X Marks the Spot

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

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Arrange the Digits

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you arrange the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 into three 3-digit numbers such that their total is close to 1500?

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Which Is Quicker?

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

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What Do You Need?

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

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Digit Sum

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

What is the sum of all the digits in all the integers from one to one million?

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Becky's Number Plumber

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts 4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you explain your findings?

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Double Digit

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Choose two digits and arrange them to make two double-digit numbers. Now add your double-digit numbers. Now add your single digit numbers. Divide your double-digit answer by your single-digit answer. . . .

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Which Scripts?

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

There are six numbers written in five different scripts. Can you sort out which is which?

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Just Repeat

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Think of any three-digit number. Repeat the digits. The 6-digit number that you end up with is divisible by 91. Is this a coincidence?

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Exploring Simple Mappings

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Explore the relationship between simple linear functions and their graphs.

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Snail One Hundred

Stage: 1 and 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

This is a game in which your counters move in a spiral round the snail's shell. It is about understanding tens and units.

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Multiply Multiples 3

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

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Three Times Seven

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

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Six Times Five

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

How many six digit numbers are there which DO NOT contain a 5?

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Even Up

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Consider all of the five digit numbers which we can form using only the digits 2, 4, 6 and 8. If these numbers are arranged in ascending order, what is the 512th number?

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Multiply Multiples 1

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

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Repeaters

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

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Lesser Digits

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

How many positive integers less than or equal to 4000 can be written down without using the digits 7, 8 or 9?

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Multiply Multiples 2

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

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A Story about Absolutely Nothing

Stage: 2, 3, 4 and 5

This article for the young and old talks about the origins of our number system and the important role zero has to play in it.

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Not a Polite Question

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

When asked how old she was, the teacher replied: My age in years is not prime but odd and when reversed and added to my age you have a perfect square...

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(w)holy Numbers

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

A church hymn book contains 700 hymns. The numbers of the hymns are displayed by combining special small single-digit boards. What is the minimum number of small boards that is needed?

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The Deca Tree

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

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Four-digit Targets

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

You have two sets of the digits 0 – 9. Can you arrange these in the five boxes to make four-digit numbers as close to the target numbers as possible?

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That Number Square!

Stage: 1 and 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Exploring the structure of a number square: how quickly can you put the number tiles in the right place on the grid?

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Round the Four Dice

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.

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Reasoned Rounding

Stage: 1, 2 and 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

four strategy dice games to consolidate pupils' understanding of rounding.

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Power Mad!

Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

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What an Odd Fact(or)

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Can you show that 1^99 + 2^99 + 3^99 + 4^99 + 5^99 is divisible by 5?

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Trebling

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one solution in each case?

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The Thousands Game

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Each child in Class 3 took four numbers out of the bag. Who had made the highest even number?

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Big Powers

Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made it gives access to many similar ideas.

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Skeleton

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Amazing as it may seem the three fives remaining in the following `skeleton' are sufficient to reconstruct the entire long division sum.

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Method in Multiplying Madness?

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?

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Six Is the Sum

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

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Legs Eleven

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Take any four digit number. Move the first digit to the 'back of the queue' and move the rest along. Now add your two numbers. What properties do your answers always have?

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Basically

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

The number 3723(in base 10) is written as 123 in another base. What is that base?

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ABC

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

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Tis Unique

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

This addition sum uses all ten digits 0, 1, 2...9 exactly once. Find the sum and show that the one you give is the only possibility.

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All the Digits

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

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Reverse to Order

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Take any two digit number, for example 58. What do you have to do to reverse the order of the digits? Can you find a rule for reversing the order of digits for any two digit number?

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Back to the Planet of Vuvv

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

There are two forms of counting on Vuvv - Zios count in base 3 and Zepts count in base 7. One day four of these creatures, two Zios and two Zepts, sat on the summit of a hill to count the legs of. . . .

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Football Sum

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME

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Number Detective

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Follow the clues to find the mystery number.

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Napier's Bones

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

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Mini-max

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Consider all two digit numbers (10, 11, . . . ,99). In writing down all these numbers, which digits occur least often, and which occur most often ? What about three digit numbers, four digit numbers. . . .

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Seven Up

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

The number 27 is special because it is three times the sum of its digits 27 = 3 (2 + 7). Find some two digit numbers that are SEVEN times the sum of their digits (seven-up numbers)?

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Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for Two

Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for an adult and child. Use your knowledge of place value to beat your oponent.

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Cycle It

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Carry out cyclic permutations of nine digit numbers containing the digits from 1 to 9 (until you get back to the first number). Prove that whatever number you choose, they will add to the same total.

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Always a Multiple?

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Think of a two digit number, reverse the digits, and add the numbers together. Something special happens...