Choose two digits and arrange them to make two double-digit
numbers. Now add your double-digit numbers. Now add your single
digit numbers. Divide your double-digit answer by your single-digit
answer. . . .
How many positive integers less than or equal to 4000 can be
written down without using the digits 7, 8 or 9?
The number 3723(in base 10) is written as 123 in another base. What
is that base?
Take the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 and imagine them written down in
every possible order to give 5 digit numbers. Find the sum of the
When asked how old she was, the teacher replied: My age in years is
not prime but odd and when reversed and added to my age you have a
Can you arrange the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 into three 3-digit
numbers such that their total is close to 1500?
Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this
grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the
number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?
Each child in Class 3 took four numbers out of the bag. Who had
made the highest even number?
four strategy dice games to consolidate pupils' understanding of rounding.
How many six digit numbers are there which DO NOT contain a 5?
This is a game in which your counters move in a spiral round the snail's shell. It is about understanding tens and units.
There are two forms of counting on Vuvv - Zios count in base 3 and
Zepts count in base 7. One day four of these creatures, two Zios
and two Zepts, sat on the summit of a hill to count the legs of. . . .
Consider all of the five digit numbers which we can form using only
the digits 2, 4, 6 and 8. If these numbers are arranged in
ascending order, what is the 512th number?
We are used to writing numbers in base ten, using 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9. Eg. 75 means 7 tens and five units. This article explains how numbers can be written in any number base.
Replace each letter with a digit to make this addition correct.
There are six numbers written in five different scripts. Can you sort out which is which?
Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts
4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you
explain your findings?
Explore the relationship between simple linear functions and their
You have two sets of the digits 0 – 9. Can you arrange these in the five boxes to make four-digit numbers as close to the target numbers as possible?
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of
problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made
it gives access to many similar ideas.
This article, written for teachers, looks at the different kinds of
recordings encountered in Primary Mathematics lessons and the
importance of not jumping to conclusions!
What is the sum of all the digits in all the integers from one to
Amazing as it may seem the three fives remaining in the following
`skeleton' are sufficient to reconstruct the entire long division
Follow the clues to find the mystery number.
Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?
Take any two digit number, for example 58. What do you have to do to reverse the order of the digits? Can you find a rule for reversing the order of digits for any two digit number?
32 x 38 = 30 x 40 + 2 x 8; 34 x 36 = 30 x 40 + 4 x 6; 56 x 54 = 50
x 60 + 6 x 4; 73 x 77 = 70 x 80 + 3 x 7 Verify and generalise if
When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the
answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is
represented by an "x" .
What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other
numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?
There are nasty versions of this dice game but we'll start with the nice ones...
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
Carry out cyclic permutations of nine digit numbers containing the
digits from 1 to 9 (until you get back to the first number). Prove
that whatever number you choose, they will add to the same total.
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one
solution in each case?
Can you substitute numbers for the letters in these sums?
Nowadays the calculator is very familiar to many of us. What did
people do to save time working out more difficult problems before
the calculator existed?
Think of a two digit number, reverse the digits, and add the numbers together. Something special happens...
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME
Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for an adult and child. Use your knowledge of place value to beat your oponent.
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?
The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1
... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?
Exploring the structure of a number square: how quickly can you put the number tiles in the right place on the grid?
Investigate which numbers make these lights come on. What is the smallest number you can find that lights up all the lights?
Take any four digit number. Move the first digit to the 'back of
the queue' and move the rest along. Now add your two numbers. What
properties do your answers always have?
Can you show that 1^99 + 2^99 + 3^99 + 4^99 + 5^99 is divisible by
This addition sum uses all ten digits 0, 1, 2...9 exactly once.
Find the sum and show that the one you give is the only
This article for the young and old talks about the origins of our number system and the important role zero has to play in it.