Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this
grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the
number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?
A school song book contains 700 songs. The numbers of the songs are displayed by combining special small single-digit boards. What is the minimum number of small boards that is needed?
Each child in Class 3 took four numbers out of the bag. Who had
made the highest even number?
Number problems at primary level to work on with others.
Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts
4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you
explain your findings?
You have two sets of the digits 0 – 9. Can you arrange these in the five boxes to make four-digit numbers as close to the target numbers as possible?
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
What is the sum of all the digits in all the integers from one to
A church hymn book contains 700 hymns. The numbers of the hymns are
displayed by combining special small single-digit boards. What is
the minimum number of small boards that is needed?
There are six numbers written in five different scripts. Can you sort out which is which?
Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for an adult and child. Use your knowledge of place value to beat your opponent.
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
This is a game in which your counters move in a spiral round the snail's shell. It is about understanding tens and units.
Exploring the structure of a number square: how quickly can you put the number tiles in the right place on the grid?
In this 100 square, look at the green square which contains the numbers 2, 3, 12 and 13. What is the sum of the numbers that are diagonally opposite each other? What do you notice?
Number problems for inquiring primary learners.
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
Can you arrange the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 into three 3-digit
numbers such that their total is close to 1500?
What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other
numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?
Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one
solution in each case?
This addition sum uses all ten digits 0, 1, 2...9 exactly once.
Find the sum and show that the one you give is the only
Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?
The number 3723(in base 10) is written as 123 in another base. What
is that base?
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?
Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?
This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.
Follow the clues to find the mystery number.
Amazing as it may seem the three fives remaining in the following
`skeleton' are sufficient to reconstruct the entire long division
Who said that adding couldn't be fun?
Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your
calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add,
subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
Can you substitute numbers for the letters in these sums?
When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the
answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is
represented by an "x" .
Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.
A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?
Consider all of the five digit numbers which we can form using only
the digits 2, 4, 6 and 8. If these numbers are arranged in
ascending order, what is the 512th number?
Explore the relationship between simple linear functions and their
Take any four digit number. Move the first digit to the 'back of
the queue' and move the rest along. Now add your two numbers. What
properties do your answers always have?
There are nasty versions of this dice game but we'll start with the nice ones...
Investigate the different ways these aliens count in this
challenge. You could start by thinking about how each of them would
write our number 7.
What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?
Take any two digit number, for example 58. What do you have to do to reverse the order of the digits? Can you find a rule for reversing the order of digits for any two digit number?