When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the
answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is
represented by an "x" .
What is the sum of all the digits in all the integers from one to
Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts
4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you
explain your findings?
Can you arrange the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 into three 3-digit
numbers such that their total is close to 1500?
Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this
grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the
number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?
Consider all of the five digit numbers which we can form using only
the digits 2, 4, 6 and 8. If these numbers are arranged in
ascending order, what is the 512th number?
Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?
Think of any three-digit number. Repeat the digits. The 6-digit
number that you end up with is divisible by 91. Is this a
Choose two digits and arrange them to make two double-digit
numbers. Now add your double-digit numbers. Now add your single
digit numbers. Divide your double-digit answer by your single-digit
answer. . . .
When asked how old she was, the teacher replied: My age in years is
not prime but odd and when reversed and added to my age you have a
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?
How many six digit numbers are there which DO NOT contain a 5?
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
This is a game in which your counters move in a spiral round the snail's shell. It is about understanding tens and units.
Explore the relationship between simple linear functions and their
Each child in Class 3 took four numbers out of the bag. Who had
made the highest even number?
Amazing as it may seem the three fives remaining in the following
`skeleton' are sufficient to reconstruct the entire long division
Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.
Can you show that 1^99 + 2^99 + 3^99 + 4^99 + 5^99 is divisible by
You have two sets of the digits 0 – 9. Can you arrange these
in the five boxes to make four-digit numbers as close to the target
numbers as possible?
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one
solution in each case?
There are nasty versions of this dice game but we'll start with the nice ones...
Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of
problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made
it gives access to many similar ideas.
There are six numbers written in five different scripts. Can you sort out which is which?
Exploring the structure of a number square: how quickly can you put the number tiles in the right place on the grid?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1
... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?
A church hymn book contains 700 hymns. The numbers of the hymns are
displayed by combining special small single-digit boards. What is
the minimum number of small boards that is needed?
The number 3723(in base 10) is written as 123 in another base. What
is that base?
How many positive integers less than or equal to 4000 can be
written down without using the digits 7, 8 or 9?
Can you substitute numbers for the letters in these sums?
Take the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 and imagine them written down in
every possible order to give 5 digit numbers. Find the sum of the
Take any two digit number, for example 58. What do you have to do to reverse the order of the digits? Can you find a rule for reversing the order of digits for any two digit number?
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
Follow the clues to find the mystery number.
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
This article, written for teachers, looks at the different kinds of
recordings encountered in Primary Mathematics lessons and the
importance of not jumping to conclusions!
Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.
Take any four digit number. Move the first digit to the 'back of
the queue' and move the rest along. Now add your two numbers. What
properties do your answers always have?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
There are two forms of counting on Vuvv - Zios count in base 3 and
Zepts count in base 7. One day four of these creatures, two Zios
and two Zepts, sat on the summit of a hill to count the legs of. . . .
Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME
What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other
numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?
The number 27 is special because it is three times the sum of its digits 27 = 3 (2 + 7). Find some two digit numbers that are SEVEN times the sum of their digits (seven-up numbers)?
Consider all two digit numbers (10, 11, . . . ,99). In writing down
all these numbers, which digits occur least often, and which occur
most often ? What about three digit numbers, four digit numbers. . . .
Who said that adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing
couldn't be fun?