Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts
4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you
explain your findings?
Each child in Class 3 took four numbers out of the bag. Who had
made the highest even number?
You have two sets of the digits 0 – 9. Can you arrange these in the five boxes to make four-digit numbers as close to the target numbers as possible?
There are six numbers written in five different scripts. Can you sort out which is which?
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this
grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the
number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
A church hymn book contains 700 hymns. The numbers of the hymns are
displayed by combining special small single-digit boards. What is
the minimum number of small boards that is needed?
A school song book contains 700 songs. The numbers of the songs are displayed by combining special small single-digit boards. What is the minimum number of small boards that is needed?
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one
solution in each case?
Number problems for inquiring primary learners.
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other
numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?
A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?
Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for an adult and child. Use your knowledge of place value to beat your opponent.
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.
Exploring the structure of a number square: how quickly can you put the number tiles in the right place on the grid?
This is a game in which your counters move in a spiral round the snail's shell. It is about understanding tens and units.
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1
... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?
What is the sum of all the digits in all the integers from one to
There are nasty versions of this dice game but we'll start with the nice ones...
Dicey Operations for an adult and child. Can you get close to 1000 than your partner?
Amazing as it may seem the three fives remaining in the following
`skeleton' are sufficient to reconstruct the entire long division
Number problems at primary level to work on with others.
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
Who said that adding couldn't be fun?
In this 100 square, look at the green square which contains the numbers 2, 3, 12 and 13. What is the sum of the numbers that are diagonally opposite each other? What do you notice?
Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your
calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add,
subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?
Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?
Can you arrange the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 into three 3-digit
numbers such that their total is close to 1500?
Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?
Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is
Follow the clues to find the mystery number.
Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME
Can you substitute numbers for the letters in these sums?
The number 3723(in base 10) is written as 123 in another base. What
is that base?
Can you show that 1^99 + 2^99 + 3^99 + 4^99 + 5^99 is divisible by
This 100 square jigsaw is written in code. It starts with 1 and ends with 100. Can you build it up?
What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?
Pick the number of times a week that you eat chocolate. This number must be more than one but less than ten.
Multiply this number by 2. Add 5 (for Sunday). Multiply by 50... Can you explain why it. . . .
Take any four digit number. Move the first digit to the 'back of
the queue' and move the rest along. Now add your two numbers. What
properties do your answers always have?
This addition sum uses all ten digits 0, 1, 2...9 exactly once.
Find the sum and show that the one you give is the only