When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the
answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is
represented by an "x" .
Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this
grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the
number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?
Can you arrange the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 into three 3-digit
numbers such that their total is close to 1500?
How many six digit numbers are there which DO NOT contain a 5?
Think of any three-digit number. Repeat the digits. The 6-digit
number that you end up with is divisible by 91. Is this a
There are six numbers written in five different scripts. Can you sort out which is which?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
Choose two digits and arrange them to make two double-digit
numbers. Now add your double-digit numbers. Now add your single
digit numbers. Divide your double-digit answer by your single-digit
answer. . . .
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Consider all of the five digit numbers which we can form using only
the digits 2, 4, 6 and 8. If these numbers are arranged in
ascending order, what is the 512th number?
When asked how old she was, the teacher replied: My age in years is
not prime but odd and when reversed and added to my age you have a
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
Number problems at primary level to work on with others.
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
This is a game in which your counters move in a spiral round the snail's shell. It is about understanding tens and units.
Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts
4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you
explain your findings?
Explore the relationship between simple linear functions and their
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
What is the sum of all the digits in all the integers from one to
How many positive integers less than or equal to 4000 can be
written down without using the digits 7, 8 or 9?
Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of
problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made
it gives access to many similar ideas.
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
Number problems for inquiring primary learners.
Who said that adding couldn't be fun?
A school song book contains 700 songs. The numbers of the songs are displayed by combining special small single-digit boards. What is the minimum number of small boards that is needed?
Each child in Class 3 took four numbers out of the bag. Who had
made the highest even number?
You have two sets of the digits 0 – 9. Can you arrange these in the five boxes to make four-digit numbers as close to the target numbers as possible?
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one
solution in each case?
Take the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 and imagine them written down in
every possible order to give 5 digit numbers. Find the sum of the
What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other
numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?
Follow the clues to find the mystery number.
Four strategy dice games to consolidate pupils' understanding of rounding.
Take any two digit number, for example 58. What do you have to do to reverse the order of the digits? Can you find a rule for reversing the order of digits for any two digit number?
Exploring the structure of a number square: how quickly can you put the number tiles in the right place on the grid?
Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is
Take any four digit number. Move the first digit to the 'back of
the queue' and move the rest along. Now add your two numbers. What
properties do your answers always have?
Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.
Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your
calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add,
subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
This article for the young and old talks about the origins of our number system and the important role zero has to play in it.
A church hymn book contains 700 hymns. The numbers of the hymns are
displayed by combining special small single-digit boards. What is
the minimum number of small boards that is needed?
Amazing as it may seem the three fives remaining in the following
`skeleton' are sufficient to reconstruct the entire long division
The number 3723(in base 10) is written as 123 in another base. What
is that base?
Investigate the different ways these aliens count in this
challenge. You could start by thinking about how each of them would
write our number 7.
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?