This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.
Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?
What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?
Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this
grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the
number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?
Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is
What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?
This addition sum uses all ten digits 0, 1, 2...9 exactly once.
Find the sum and show that the one you give is the only
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one solution in each case?
Can you substitute numbers for the letters in these sums?
Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your
calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add,
subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
Who said that adding couldn't be fun?
Each child in Class 3 took four numbers out of the bag. Who had
made the highest even number?
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
Replace each letter with a digit to make this addition correct.
What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other
numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
There are six numbers written in five different scripts. Can you sort out which is which?
The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1
... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?
Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts
4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you
explain your findings?
Dicey Operations for an adult and child. Can you get close to 1000 than your partner?
Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for an adult and child. Use your knowledge of place value to beat your opponent.
This is a game in which your counters move in a spiral round the snail's shell. It is about understanding tens and units.
This 100 square jigsaw is written in code. It starts with 1 and ends with 100. Can you build it up?
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
You have two sets of the digits 0 – 9. Can you arrange these in the five boxes to make four-digit numbers as close to the target numbers as possible?
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
Can you arrange the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 into three 3-digit
numbers such that their total is close to 1500?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
A game to be played against the computer, or in groups. Pick a 7-digit number. A random digit is generated. What must you subract to remove the digit from your number? the first to zero wins.
Consider all two digit numbers (10, 11, . . . ,99). In writing down
all these numbers, which digits occur least often, and which occur
most often ? What about three digit numbers, four digit numbers. . . .
Pick the number of times a week that you eat chocolate. This number must be more than one but less than ten.
Multiply this number by 2. Add 5 (for Sunday). Multiply by 50... Can you explain why it. . . .
How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.
Follow the clues to find the mystery number.
Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.
Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME
A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?
Number problems at primary level to work on with others.
Number problems for inquiring primary learners.
How many six digit numbers are there which DO NOT contain a 5?
32 x 38 = 30 x 40 + 2 x 8; 34 x 36 = 30 x 40 + 4 x 6; 56 x 54 = 50
x 60 + 6 x 4; 73 x 77 = 70 x 80 + 3 x 7 Verify and generalise if
The number 3723(in base 10) is written as 123 in another base. What
is that base?
Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?
A church hymn book contains 700 hymns. The numbers of the hymns are
displayed by combining special small single-digit boards. What is
the minimum number of small boards that is needed?
Think of a two digit number, reverse the digits, and add the numbers together. Something special happens...