This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.
Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?
What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?
Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is
What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?
How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.
This addition sum uses all ten digits 0, 1, 2...9 exactly once.
Find the sum and show that the one you give is the only
Replace each letter with a digit to make this addition correct.
Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this
grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the
number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
Each child in Class 3 took four numbers out of the bag. Who had
made the highest even number?
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one
solution in each case?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1
... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?
There are six numbers written in five different scripts. Can you sort out which is which?
Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your
calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add,
subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
You have two sets of the digits 0 – 9. Can you arrange these in the five boxes to make four-digit numbers as close to the target numbers as possible?
Think of a two digit number, reverse the digits, and add the numbers together. Something special happens...
Exploring the structure of a number square: how quickly can you put the number tiles in the right place on the grid?
This is a game in which your counters move in a spiral round the snail's shell. It is about understanding tens and units.
Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts
4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you
explain your findings?
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
Who said that adding couldn't be fun?
Can you arrange the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 into three 3-digit
numbers such that their total is close to 1500?
32 x 38 = 30 x 40 + 2 x 8; 34 x 36 = 30 x 40 + 4 x 6; 56 x 54 = 50
x 60 + 6 x 4; 73 x 77 = 70 x 80 + 3 x 7 Verify and generalise if
Can you substitute numbers for the letters in these sums?
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
Follow the clues to find the mystery number.
What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other
numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?
Take any two digit number, for example 58. What do you have to do to reverse the order of the digits? Can you find a rule for reversing the order of digits for any two digit number?
Consider all two digit numbers (10, 11, . . . ,99). In writing down
all these numbers, which digits occur least often, and which occur
most often ? What about three digit numbers, four digit numbers. . . .
The number 27 is special because it is three times the sum of its digits 27 = 3 (2 + 7). Find some two digit numbers that are SEVEN times the sum of their digits (seven-up numbers)?
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
Pick the number of times a week that you eat chocolate. This number must be more than one but less than ten.
Multiply this number by 2. Add 5 (for Sunday). Multiply by 50... Can you explain why it. . . .
Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.
This article, written for teachers, looks at the different kinds of
recordings encountered in Primary Mathematics lessons and the
importance of not jumping to conclusions!
Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?
Number problems for inquiring primary learners.
Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for an adult and child. Use your knowledge of place value to beat your opponent.
Number problems at primary level to work on with others.
Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.
Can you show that 1^99 + 2^99 + 3^99 + 4^99 + 5^99 is divisible by
There are nasty versions of this dice game but we'll start with the nice ones...