The number 3723(in base 10) is written as 123 in another base. What is that base?

Exploring the structure of a number square: how quickly can you put the number tiles in the right place on the grid?

Nowadays the calculator is very familiar to many of us. What did people do to save time working out more difficult problems before the calculator existed?

Investigate the different ways these aliens count in this challenge. You could start by thinking about how each of them would write our number 7.

This article for the young and old talks about the origins of our number system and the important role zero has to play in it.

Can you create a Latin Square from multiples of a six digit number?

There are six numbers written in five different scripts. Can you sort out which is which?

There are two forms of counting on Vuvv - Zios count in base 3 and Zepts count in base 7. One day four of these creatures, two Zios and two Zepts, sat on the summit of a hill to count the legs of. . . .

Using balancing scales what is the least number of weights needed to weigh all integer masses from 1 to 1000? Placing some of the weights in the same pan as the object how many are needed?

You have two sets of the digits 0 – 9. Can you arrange these in the five boxes to make four-digit numbers as close to the target numbers as possible?

This is a game in which your counters move in a spiral round the snail's shell. It is about understanding tens and units.

A school song book contains 700 songs. The numbers of the songs are displayed by combining special small single-digit boards. What is the minimum number of small boards that is needed?

Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?

Number problems for inquiring primary learners.

Four strategy dice games to consolidate pupils' understanding of rounding.

How many six digit numbers are there which DO NOT contain a 5?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Each child in Class 3 took four numbers out of the bag. Who had made the highest even number?

How many positive integers less than or equal to 4000 can be written down without using the digits 7, 8 or 9?

This article, written for teachers, looks at the different kinds of recordings encountered in Primary Mathematics lessons and the importance of not jumping to conclusions!

Take the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 and imagine them written down in every possible order to give 5 digit numbers. Find the sum of the resulting numbers.

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

In this 100 square, look at the green square which contains the numbers 2, 3, 12 and 13. What is the sum of the numbers that are diagonally opposite each other? What do you notice?

The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1 ... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?

Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one solution in each case?

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

There are nasty versions of this dice game but we'll start with the nice ones...

What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?

What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for an adult and child. Use your knowledge of place value to beat your opponent.

Dicey Operations for an adult and child. Can you get close to 1000 than your partner?

This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

This 100 square jigsaw is written in code. It starts with 1 and ends with 100. Can you build it up?

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made it gives access to many similar ideas.

Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts 4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you explain your findings?

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

Think of a two digit number, reverse the digits, and add the numbers together. Something special happens...

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Can you arrange the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 into three 3-digit numbers such that their total is close to 1500?

32 x 38 = 30 x 40 + 2 x 8; 34 x 36 = 30 x 40 + 4 x 6; 56 x 54 = 50 x 60 + 6 x 4; 73 x 77 = 70 x 80 + 3 x 7 Verify and generalise if possible.

Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?