If you continue the pattern, can you predict what each of the following areas will be? Try to explain your prediction.
It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but
what if they were tilted?
A metal puzzle which led to some mathematical questions.
Show that for any triangle it is always possible to construct 3
touching circles with centres at the vertices. Is it possible to
construct touching circles centred at the vertices of any polygon?
The opposite vertices of a square have coordinates (a,b) and (c,d). What are the coordinates of the other vertices?
Do you know how to find the area of a triangle? You can count the
squares. What happens if we turn the triangle on end? Press the
button and see. Try counting the number of units in the triangle
now. . . .
Charlie likes tablecloths that use as many colours as possible, but insists that his tablecloths have some symmetry. Can you work out how many colours he needs for different tablecloth designs?
A right-angled isosceles triangle is rotated about the centre point
of a square. What can you say about the area of the part of the
square covered by the triangle as it rotates?
A tilted square is a square with no horizontal sides. Can you
devise a general instruction for the construction of a square when
you are given just one of its sides?
This rectangle is cut into five pieces which fit exactly into a triangular outline and also into a square outline where the triangle, the rectangle and the square have equal areas.
A and B are two interlocking cogwheels having p teeth and q teeth respectively. One tooth on B is painted red. Find the values of p and q for which the red tooth on B contacts every gap on the. . . .
These formulae are often quoted, but rarely proved. In this article, we derive the formulae for the volumes of a square-based pyramid and a cone, using relatively simple mathematical concepts.
A game for 2 players. Can be played online. One player has 1 red
counter, the other has 4 blue. The red counter needs to reach the
other side, and the blue needs to trap the red.
A counter is placed in the bottom right hand corner of a grid. You
toss a coin and move the star according to the following rules: ...
What is the probability that you end up in the top left-hand. . . .
There are thirteen axes of rotational symmetry of a unit cube. Describe them all. What is the average length of the parts of the axes of symmetry which lie inside the cube?
Players take it in turns to choose a dot on the grid. The winner is the first to have four dots that can be joined to form a square.
Cellular is an animation that helps you make geometric sequences
composed of square cells.
Square It game for an adult and child. Can you come up with a way of always winning this game?
What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?
A circle rolls around the outside edge of a square so that its circumference always touches the edge of the square. Can you describe the locus of the centre of the circle?
Slide the pieces to move Khun Phaen past all the guards into the position on the right from which he can escape to freedom.
To avoid losing think of another very well known game where the
patterns of play are similar.
The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right
hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of
Start with any number of counters in any number of piles. 2 players
take it in turns to remove any number of counters from a single
pile. The winner is the player to take the last counter.
You can move the 4 pieces of the jigsaw and fit them into both
outlines. Explain what has happened to the missing one unit of
A point P is selected anywhere inside an equilateral triangle. What
can you say about the sum of the perpendicular distances from P to
the sides of the triangle? Can you prove your conjecture?
Here is a solitaire type environment for you to experiment with. Which targets can you reach?
P is a point on the circumference of a circle radius r which rolls,
without slipping, inside a circle of radius 2r. What is the locus
This is an interactivity in which you have to sort the steps in the
completion of the square into the correct order to prove the
formula for the solutions of quadratic equations.
A game for 2 players that can be played online. Players take it in turns to select a word from the 9 words given. The aim is to select all the occurrences of the same letter.
Euler discussed whether or not it was possible to stroll around Koenigsberg crossing each of its seven bridges exactly once. Experiment with different numbers of islands and bridges.
We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering
the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way
that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4
Have you seen this way of doing multiplication ?
Place a red counter in the top left corner of a 4x4 array, which is
covered by 14 other smaller counters, leaving a gap in the bottom
right hand corner (HOME). What is the smallest number of moves. . . .
Use Excel to practise adding and subtracting fractions.
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
An environment that simulates a protractor carrying a right- angled
triangle of unit hypotenuse.
Use Excel to explore multiplication of fractions.
You have 27 small cubes, 3 each of nine colours. Use the small cubes to make a 3 by 3 by 3 cube so that each face of the bigger cube contains one of every colour.
An Excel spreadsheet with an investigation.
There are 27 small cubes in a 3 x 3 x 3 cube, 54 faces being
visible at any one time. Is it possible to reorganise these cubes
so that by dipping the large cube into a pot of paint three times
you. . . .
Prove Pythagoras Theorem using enlargements and scale factors.
Triangle numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?
This set of resources for teachers offers interactive environments
to support work on graphical interpretation at Key Stage 4.
A java applet that takes you through the steps needed to solve a
Diophantine equation of the form Px+Qy=1 using Euclid's algorithm.
Rotate a copy of the trapezium about the centre of the longest side
of the blue triangle to make a square. Find the area of the square
and then derive a formula for the area of the trapezium.
When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...
A tool for generating random integers.
A collection of our favourite pictorial problems, one for each day
Here is a chance to play a fractions version of the classic