We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Euler discussed whether or not it was possible to stroll around Koenigsberg crossing each of its seven bridges exactly once. Experiment with different numbers of islands and bridges.

Triangle numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

Charlie likes tablecloths that use as many colours as possible, but insists that his tablecloths have some symmetry. Can you work out how many colours he needs for different tablecloth designs?

What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?

A red square and a blue square overlap so that the corner of the red square rests on the centre of the blue square. Show that, whatever the orientation of the red square, it covers a quarter of the. . . .

Two circles of equal radius touch at P. One circle is fixed whilst the other moves, rolling without slipping, all the way round. How many times does the moving coin revolve before returning to P?

This resources contains a series of interactivities designed to support work on transformations at Key Stage 4.

It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but what if they were tilted?

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

Here is a solitaire type environment for you to experiment with. Which targets can you reach?

A game for 2 players that can be played online. Players take it in turns to select a word from the 9 words given. The aim is to select all the occurrences of the same letter.

A tilted square is a square with no horizontal sides. Can you devise a general instruction for the construction of a square when you are given just one of its sides?

The opposite vertices of a square have coordinates (a,b) and (c,d). What are the coordinates of the other vertices?

Do you know how to find the area of a triangle? You can count the squares. What happens if we turn the triangle on end? Press the button and see. Try counting the number of units in the triangle now. . . .

Six balls of various colours are randomly shaken into a trianglular arrangement. What is the probability of having at least one red in the corner?

These formulae are often quoted, but rarely proved. In this article, we derive the formulae for the volumes of a square-based pyramid and a cone, using relatively simple mathematical concepts.

Slide the pieces to move Khun Phaen past all the guards into the position on the right from which he can escape to freedom.

This rectangle is cut into five pieces which fit exactly into a triangular outline and also into a square outline where the triangle, the rectangle and the square have equal areas.

You can move the 4 pieces of the jigsaw and fit them into both outlines. Explain what has happened to the missing one unit of area.

Show how this pentagonal tile can be used to tile the plane and describe the transformations which map this pentagon to its images in the tiling.

A circle rolls around the outside edge of a square so that its circumference always touches the edge of the square. Can you describe the locus of the centre of the circle?

A and B are two interlocking cogwheels having p teeth and q teeth respectively. One tooth on B is painted red. Find the values of p and q for which the red tooth on B contacts every gap on the. . . .

A game for 2 players. Can be played online. One player has 1 red counter, the other has 4 blue. The red counter needs to reach the other side, and the blue needs to trap the red.

Overlaying pentominoes can produce some effective patterns. Why not use LOGO to try out some of the ideas suggested here?

Start with any number of counters in any number of piles. 2 players take it in turns to remove any number of counters from a single pile. The winner is the player to take the last counter.

To avoid losing think of another very well known game where the patterns of play are similar.

Match pairs of cards so that they have equivalent ratios.

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

Can you find a reliable strategy for choosing coordinates that will locate the robber in the minimum number of guesses?

Semi-regular tessellations combine two or more different regular polygons to fill the plane. Can you find all the semi-regular tessellations?

Help the bee to build a stack of blocks far enough to save his friend trapped in the tower.

Use the interactivity to listen to the bells ringing a pattern. Now it's your turn! Play one of the bells yourself. How do you know when it is your turn to ring?

Can you find a relationship between the number of dots on the circle and the number of steps that will ensure that all points are hit?

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

7 balls are shaken in a container. You win if the two blue balls touch. What is the probability of winning?

There are thirteen axes of rotational symmetry of a unit cube. Describe them all. What is the average length of the parts of the axes of symmetry which lie inside the cube?

Use the interactivity to play two of the bells in a pattern. How do you know when it is your turn to ring, and how do you know which bell to ring?

A collection of our favourite pictorial problems, one for each day of Advent.

A tool for generating random integers.

Here is a chance to play a fractions version of the classic Countdown Game.

Square It game for an adult and child. Can you come up with a way of always winning this game?

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

If you continue the pattern, can you predict what each of the following areas will be? Try to explain your prediction.