We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering
the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way
that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4
When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...
Triangle numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?
Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?
Euler discussed whether or not it was possible to stroll around Koenigsberg crossing each of its seven bridges exactly once. Experiment with different numbers of islands and bridges.
What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?
Charlie likes tablecloths that use as many colours as possible, but insists that his tablecloths have some symmetry. Can you work out how many colours he needs for different tablecloth designs?
A tilted square is a square with no horizontal sides. Can you
devise a general instruction for the construction of a square when
you are given just one of its sides?
The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases
overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of
his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?
A red square and a blue square overlap so that the corner of the red square rests on the centre of the blue square. Show that, whatever the orientation of the red square, it covers a quarter of the. . . .
Can you make a right-angled triangle on this peg-board by joining up three points round the edge?
This resources contains a series of interactivities designed to
support work on transformations at Key Stage 4.
Slide the pieces to move Khun Phaen past all the guards into the position on the right from which he can escape to freedom.
It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but
what if they were tilted?
Do you know how to find the area of a triangle? You can count the
squares. What happens if we turn the triangle on end? Press the
button and see. Try counting the number of units in the triangle
now. . . .
Two circles of equal radius touch at P. One circle is fixed whilst the other moves, rolling without slipping, all the way round. How many times does the moving coin revolve before returning to P?
A game for 2 players that can be played online. Players take it in turns to select a word from the 9 words given. The aim is to select all the occurrences of the same letter.
Six balls of various colours are randomly shaken into a trianglular
arrangement. What is the probability of having at least one red in
Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?
These formulae are often quoted, but rarely proved. In this article, we derive the formulae for the volumes of a square-based pyramid and a cone, using relatively simple mathematical concepts.
Here is a solitaire type environment for you to experiment with. Which targets can you reach?
Can you find all the 4-ball shuffles?
The opposite vertices of a square have coordinates (a,b) and (c,d). What are the coordinates of the other vertices?
This rectangle is cut into five pieces which fit exactly into a triangular outline and also into a square outline where the triangle, the rectangle and the square have equal areas.
A and B are two interlocking cogwheels having p teeth and q teeth respectively. One tooth on B is painted red. Find the values of p and q for which the red tooth on B contacts every gap on the. . . .
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
A game for 2 players. Can be played online. One player has 1 red
counter, the other has 4 blue. The red counter needs to reach the
other side, and the blue needs to trap the red.
Use Excel to explore multiplication of fractions.
This game challenges you to locate hidden triangles in The White
Box by firing rays and observing where the rays exit the Box.
A circle rolls around the outside edge of a square so that its circumference always touches the edge of the square. Can you describe the locus of the centre of the circle?
You can move the 4 pieces of the jigsaw and fit them into both
outlines. Explain what has happened to the missing one unit of
This resource contains a range of problems and interactivities on
the theme of coordinates in two and three dimensions.
Start with any number of counters in any number of piles. 2 players
take it in turns to remove any number of counters from a single
pile. The winner is the player to take the last counter.
To avoid losing think of another very well known game where the
patterns of play are similar.
A collection of our favourite pictorial problems, one for each day
Learn how to use the Shuffles interactivity by running through these tutorial demonstrations.
The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right
hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of
The interactive diagram has two labelled points, A and B. It is
designed to be used with the problem "Cushion Ball"
Can you give the coordinates of the vertices of the fifth point in
the patterm on this 3D grid?
Match pairs of cards so that they have equivalent ratios.
Can you find a reliable strategy for choosing coordinates that will locate the robber in the minimum number of guesses?
Show how this pentagonal tile can be used to tile the plane and
describe the transformations which map this pentagon to its images
in the tiling.
Overlaying pentominoes can produce some effective patterns. Why not
use LOGO to try out some of the ideas suggested here?
A java applet that takes you through the steps needed to solve a
Diophantine equation of the form Px+Qy=1 using Euclid's algorithm.
Match the cards of the same value.
7 balls are shaken in a container. You win if the two blue balls
touch. What is the probability of winning?
Can you discover whether this is a fair game?
Use Excel to practise adding and subtracting fractions.
Can you find a relationship between the number of dots on the
circle and the number of steps that will ensure that all points are
This resource contains interactive problems to support work on
number sequences at Key Stage 4.