We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

A tilted square is a square with no horizontal sides. Can you devise a general instruction for the construction of a square when you are given just one of its sides?

What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Euler discussed whether or not it was possible to stroll around Koenigsberg crossing each of its seven bridges exactly once. Experiment with different numbers of islands and bridges.

Triangle numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

Six balls of various colours are randomly shaken into a trianglular arrangement. What is the probability of having at least one red in the corner?

A game for 2 players that can be played online. Players take it in turns to select a word from the 9 words given. The aim is to select all the occurrences of the same letter.

Semi-regular tessellations combine two or more different regular polygons to fill the plane. Can you find all the semi-regular tessellations?

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but what if they were tilted?

These formulae are often quoted, but rarely proved. In this article, we derive the formulae for the volumes of a square-based pyramid and a cone, using relatively simple mathematical concepts.

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of the candle and sundial?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Wai Ping, Wah Ming and Chi Wing?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of the chairs?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of this junk?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of the child walking home from school?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of this brazier for roasting chestnuts?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of this telephone?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of these clocks?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Little Fung at the table?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of the lobster, yacht and cyclist?

Use the interactivity to play two of the bells in a pattern. How do you know when it is your turn to ring, and how do you know which bell to ring?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Mai Ling?

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

You can move the 4 pieces of the jigsaw and fit them into both outlines. Explain what has happened to the missing one unit of area.

Do you know how to find the area of a triangle? You can count the squares. What happens if we turn the triangle on end? Press the button and see. Try counting the number of units in the triangle now. . . .

A and B are two interlocking cogwheels having p teeth and q teeth respectively. One tooth on B is painted red. Find the values of p and q for which the red tooth on B contacts every gap on the. . . .

Our 2008 Advent Calendar has a 'Making Maths' activity for every day in the run-up to Christmas.

There are nine teddies in Teddy Town - three red, three blue and three yellow. There are also nine houses, three of each colour. Can you put them on the map of Teddy Town according to the rules?

Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.

Can you find a reliable strategy for choosing coordinates that will locate the robber in the minimum number of guesses?

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Granma T?

Slide the pieces to move Khun Phaen past all the guards into the position on the right from which he can escape to freedom.

Start with any number of counters in any number of piles. 2 players take it in turns to remove any number of counters from a single pile. The winner is the player to take the last counter.

A game for 2 players. Can be played online. One player has 1 red counter, the other has 4 blue. The red counter needs to reach the other side, and the blue needs to trap the red.

A red square and a blue square overlap so that the corner of the red square rests on the centre of the blue square. Show that, whatever the orientation of the red square, it covers a quarter of the. . . .

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of these people?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of the watering can and man in a boat?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of Mai Ling and Chi Wing?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of the workmen?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Little Ming and Little Fung dancing?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of these convex shapes?

NRICH December 2006 advent calendar - a new tangram for each day in the run-up to Christmas.

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of this shape. How would you describe it?