Find the frequency distribution for ordinary English, and use it to help you crack the code.

A and B are two interlocking cogwheels having p teeth and q teeth respectively. One tooth on B is painted red. Find the values of p and q for which the red tooth on B contacts every gap on the. . . .

These formulae are often quoted, but rarely proved. In this article, we derive the formulae for the volumes of a square-based pyramid and a cone, using relatively simple mathematical concepts.

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Starting with the number 180, take away 9 again and again, joining up the dots as you go. Watch out - don't join all the dots!

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.

An environment which simulates working with Cuisenaire rods.

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

A collection of resources to support work on Factors and Multiples at Secondary level.

Investigate the smallest number of moves it takes to turn these mats upside-down if you can only turn exactly three at a time.

Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?

A game for 2 players that can be played online. Players take it in turns to select a word from the 9 words given. The aim is to select all the occurrences of the same letter.

Can you find a relationship between the number of dots on the circle and the number of steps that will ensure that all points are hit?

Each light in this interactivity turns on according to a rule. What happens when you enter different numbers? Can you find the smallest number that lights up all four lights?

Work out how to light up the single light. What's the rule?

In this activity, the computer chooses a times table and shifts it. Can you work out the table and the shift each time?

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

Use the interactivities to complete these Venn diagrams.

What do the numbers shaded in blue on this hundred square have in common? What do you notice about the pink numbers? How about the shaded numbers in the other squares?

Could games evolve by natural selection? Take part in this web experiment to find out!

Use the interactivity to create some steady rhythms. How could you create a rhythm which sounds the same forwards as it does backwards?

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

Imagine a wheel with different markings painted on it at regular intervals. Can you predict the colour of the 18th mark? The 100th mark?

What can you say about the values of n that make $7^n + 3^n$ a multiple of 10? Are there other pairs of integers between 1 and 10 which have similar properties?

We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4

Try to stop your opponent from being able to split the piles of counters into unequal numbers. Can you find a strategy?

It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but what if they were tilted?

What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?

Triangle numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

Euler discussed whether or not it was possible to stroll around Koenigsberg crossing each of its seven bridges exactly once. Experiment with different numbers of islands and bridges.

Two circles of equal radius touch at P. One circle is fixed whilst the other moves, rolling without slipping, all the way round. How many times does the moving coin revolve before returning to P?

Three beads are threaded on a circular wire and are coloured either red or blue. Can you find all four different combinations?

Carry out some time trials and gather some data to help you decide on the best training regime for your rowing crew.

What shaped overlaps can you make with two circles which are the same size? What shapes are 'left over'? What shapes can you make when the circles are different sizes?

A circle rolls around the outside edge of a square so that its circumference always touches the edge of the square. Can you describe the locus of the centre of the circle?

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

Work out the fractions to match the cards with the same amount of money.

What shape is the overlap when you slide one of these shapes half way across another? Can you picture it in your head? Use the interactivity to check your visualisation.

Mo has left, but Meg is still experimenting. Use the interactivity to help you find out how she can alter her pouch of marbles and still keep the two pouches balanced.

Is it possible to place 2 counters on the 3 by 3 grid so that there is an even number of counters in every row and every column? How about if you have 3 counters or 4 counters or....?

Two engines, at opposite ends of a single track railway line, set off towards one another just as a fly, sitting on the front of one of the engines, sets off flying along the railway line...

Players take it in turns to choose a dot on the grid. The winner is the first to have four dots that can be joined to form a square.

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

Can you beat the computer in the challenging strategy game?