Liethagoras, Pythagoras' cousin (!), was jealous of Pythagoras and came up with his own theorem. Read this article to find out why other mathematicians laughed at him.
A floor is covered by a tessellation of equilateral triangles, each having three equal arcs inside it. What proportion of the area of the tessellation is shaded?
Determine the total shaded area of the 'kissing triangles'.
What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?
Explain how the thirteen pieces making up the regular hexagon shown
in the diagram can be re-assembled to form three smaller regular
hexagons congruent to each other.
This problem challenges you to work out what fraction of the whole area of these pictures is taken up by various shapes.
You have pitched your tent (the red triangle) on an island. Can you
move it to the position shown by the purple triangle making sure
you obey the rules?
ABCDEFGH is a 3 by 3 by 3 cube. Point P is 1/3 along AB (that is AP
: PB = 1 : 2), point Q is 1/3 along GH and point R is 1/3 along ED.
What is the area of the triangle PQR?
Triangles are formed by joining the vertices of a skeletal cube. How many different types of triangle are there? How many triangles altogether?
Imagine an infinitely large sheet of square dotty paper on which you can draw triangles of any size you wish (providing each vertex is on a dot). What areas is it/is it not possible to draw?
This article for teachers suggests activities based on pegboards, from pattern generation to finding all possible triangles, for example.
An irregular tetrahedron is composed of four different triangles.
Can such a tetrahedron be constructed where the side lengths are 4,
5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 units of length?
Generate three random numbers to determine the side lengths of a triangle. What triangles can you draw?
Can you find all the different triangles on these peg boards, and
find their angles?
ABC is an equilateral triangle and P is a point in the interior of
the triangle. We know that AP = 3cm and BP = 4cm. Prove that CP
must be less than 10 cm.
Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be
drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.
The graph below is an oblique coordinate system based on 60 degree
angles. It was drawn on isometric paper. What kinds of triangles do
these points form?
What is the total area of the first two triangles as a fraction of
the original A4 rectangle? What is the total area of the first
three triangles as a fraction of the original A4 rectangle? If. . . .
If you know the sizes of the angles marked with coloured dots in
this diagram which angles can you find by calculation?
Four rods, two of length a and two of length b, are linked to form
a kite. The linkage is moveable so that the angles change. What is
the maximum area of the kite?
A group activity using visualisation of squares and triangles.
Draw all the possible distinct triangles on a 4 x 4 dotty grid.
Convince me that you have all possible triangles.
The large rectangle is divided into a series of smaller quadrilaterals and triangles. Can you untangle what fractional part is represented by each of the ten numbered shapes?
Use the interactivity to make this Islamic star and cross design.
Can you produce a tessellation of regular octagons with two
different types of triangle?
Can you make these equilateral triangles fit together to cover the
paper without any gaps between them? Can you tessellate isosceles
Have you noticed that triangles are used in manmade structures?
Perhaps there is a good reason for this? 'Test a Triangle' and see
how rigid triangles are.
Draw three straight lines to separate these shapes into four groups
- each group must contain one of each shape.
In how many ways can you fit two of these yellow triangles
together? Can you predict the number of ways two blue triangles can
be fitted together?
Using different numbers of sticks, how many different triangles are
you able to make? Can you make any rules about the numbers of
sticks that make the most triangles?
How many triangles can you make on the 3 by 3 pegboard?
Board Block game for two. Can you stop your partner from being able to make a shape on the board?
The ancient Egyptians were said to make right-angled triangles
using a rope with twelve equal sections divided by knots. What
other triangles could you make if you had a rope like this?
How many different triangles can you make on a circular pegboard that has nine pegs?
What shapes can you make by folding an A4 piece of paper?
I cut this square into two different shapes. What can you say about
the relationship between them?
A game in which players take it in turns to try to draw
quadrilaterals (or triangles) with particular properties. Is it
possible to fill the game grid?
The triangles in these sets are similar - can you work out the
lengths of the sides which have question marks?
Can you describe what happens in this film?
Investigate the different shaped bracelets you could make from 18 different spherical beads. How do they compare if you use 24 beads?
A game in which players take it in turns to turn up two cards. If
they can draw a triangle which satisfies both properties they win
the pair of cards. And a few challenging questions to follow...