Ranging from kindergarten mathematics to the fringe of research this informal article paints the big picture of number in a non technical way suitable for primary teachers and older students.

Consider all two digit numbers (10, 11, . . . ,99). In writing down all these numbers, which digits occur least often, and which occur most often ? What about three digit numbers, four digit numbers. . . .

Visitors to Earth from the distant planet of Zub-Zorna were amazed when they found out that when the digits in this multiplication were reversed, the answer was the same! Find a way to explain. . . .

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. Can you find all the numbers in each set from these clues?

Can you arrange the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 into three 3-digit numbers such that their total is close to 1500?

Imagine a machine with four coloured lights which respond to different rules. Can you find the smallest possible number which will make all four colours light up?

Work out how to light up the single light. What's the rule?

When asked how old she was, the teacher replied: My age in years is not prime but odd and when reversed and added to my age you have a perfect square...

Can you make a hypothesis to explain these ancient numbers?

Helen made the conjecture that "every multiple of six has more factors than the two numbers either side of it". Is this conjecture true?

The number 10112359550561797752808988764044943820224719 is called a 'slippy number' because, when the last digit 9 is moved to the front, the new number produced is the slippy number multiplied by 9.

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. They are the red set, the green set and the blue set. Can you find all the numbers in the sets from these clues?

Investigate $1^n + 19^n + 20^n + 51^n + 57^n + 80^n + 82^n $ and $2^n + 12^n + 31^n + 40^n + 69^n + 71^n + 85^n$ for different values of n.

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

The number 2.525252525252.... can be written as a fraction. What is the sum of the denominator and numerator?

How many six digit numbers are there which DO NOT contain a 5?

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

There are some water lilies in a lake. The area that they cover doubles in size every day. After 17 days the whole lake is covered. How long did it take them to cover half the lake?

How many positive integers less than or equal to 4000 can be written down without using the digits 7, 8 or 9?

Whenever two chameleons of different colours meet they change colour to the third colour. Describe the shortest sequence of meetings in which all the chameleons change to green if you start with 12. . . .

A combination mechanism for a safe comprises thirty-two tumblers numbered from one to thirty-two in such a way that the numbers in each wheel total 132... Could you open the safe?

Can you work out how many of each kind of pencil this student bought?

Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...

A and B are two interlocking cogwheels having p teeth and q teeth respectively. One tooth on B is painted red. Find the values of p and q for which the red tooth on B contacts every gap on the. . . .

This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.

Look at three 'next door neighbours' amongst the counting numbers. Add them together. What do you notice?

This article introduces the idea of generic proof for younger children and illustrates how one example can offer a proof of a general result through unpacking its underlying structure.

Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?

Show that 8778, 10296 and 13530 are three triangular numbers and that they form a Pythagorean triple.

Complete the following expressions so that each one gives a four digit number as the product of two two digit numbers and uses the digits 1 to 8 once and only once.

This investigation is about happy numbers in the World of the Octopus where all numbers are written in base 8 ... Find all the fixed points and cycles for the happy number sequences in base 8.

Can you find ways of joining cubes together so that 28 faces are visible?

How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?

Each light in this interactivity turns on according to a rule. What happens when you enter different numbers? Can you find the smallest number that lights up all four lights?

This task depends on learners sharing reasoning, listening to opinions, reflecting and pulling ideas together.

Guess the Dominoes for child and adult. Work out which domino your partner has chosen by asking good questions.

Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?

This is a game in which your counters move in a spiral round the snail's shell. It is about understanding tens and units.

Charlie has made a Magic V. Can you use his example to make some more? And how about Magic Ls, Ns and Ws?

Nearly all of us have made table patterns on hundred squares, that is 10 by 10 grids. This problem looks at the patterns on differently sized square grids.

A case is found with a combination lock. There is one clue about the number needed to open the case. Can you find the number and open the case?

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

A cinema has 100 seats. Show how it is possible to sell exactly 100 tickets and take exactly Â£100 if the prices are Â£10 for adults, 50p for pensioners and 10p for children.

What can you say about the values of n that make $7^n + 3^n$ a multiple of 10? Are there other pairs of integers between 1 and 10 which have similar properties?

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Place the numbers 1, 2, 3,..., 9 one on each square of a 3 by 3 grid so that all the rows and columns add up to a prime number. How many different solutions can you find?