During the third hour after midnight the hands on a clock point in the same direction (so one hand is over the top of the other). At what time, to the nearest second, does this happen?

Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how long the race was from the information?

Mr. Sunshine tells the children they will have 2 hours of homework. After several calculations, Harry says he hasn't got time to do this homework. Can you see where his reasoning is wrong?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Bernard Bagnall recommends some primary school problems which use numbers from the environment around us, from clocks to house numbers.

Use this information to work out whether the front or back wheel of this bicycle gets more wear and tear.

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go. Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

EWWNP means Exploring Wild and Wonderful Number Patterns Created by Yourself! Investigate what happens if we create number patterns using some simple rules.

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷) to make these digits come to 100.

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be each time?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.

This article for teachers suggests ideas for activities built around 10 and 2010.