Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?

The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.

This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.

Find a great variety of ways of asking questions which make 8.

Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷) to make these digits come to 100.

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how long the race was from the information?

Use this information to work out whether the front or back wheel of this bicycle gets more wear and tear.

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?