Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?
Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.
48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?
Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to
find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's
finishing position was.
The triangles in these sets are similar - can you work out the
lengths of the sides which have question marks?
Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so
that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used
once and once only.
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these
There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and
multiply them together. How many different products can you find?
How do you know you've got them all?
Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?
Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the
divisors is 331776.
When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product
of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers
should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I
type. . . .
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple
on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple
and the weights from the picture?
On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?
Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a
quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?
Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷)
to make these digits come to 100.
Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how
long the race was from the information?
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will
only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the
Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.
What is happening at each box in these machines?
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.
These sixteen children are standing in four lines of four, one behind the other. They are each holding a card with a number on it. Can you work out the missing numbers?
Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?
Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the
totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? Don't forget to keep visiting NRICH projects site for the latest developments and questions.
What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.
This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.
Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?
This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.