Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?
Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.
Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.
48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?
Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.
Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
The triangles in these sets are similar - can you work out the lengths of the sides which have question marks?
Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?
This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?
Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?
When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.
What is happening at each box in these machines?
Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?
On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?
Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷) to make these digits come to 100.
Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how long the race was from the information?
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?
There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
These sixteen children are standing in four lines of four, one behind the other. They are each holding a card with a number on it. Can you work out the missing numbers?
Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.
Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.
This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.
Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? Don't forget to keep visiting NRICH projects site for the latest developments and questions.
After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?
I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?