These sixteen children are standing in four lines of four, one behind the other. They are each holding a card with a number on it. Can you work out the missing numbers?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

EWWNP means Exploring Wild and Wonderful Number Patterns Created by Yourself! Investigate what happens if we create number patterns using some simple rules.

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go. Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?

Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷) to make these digits come to 100.

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

In this investigation, you are challenged to make mobile phone numbers which are easy to remember. What happens if you make a sequence adding 2 each time?

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be each time?

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? Don't forget to keep visiting NRICH projects site for the latest developments and questions.

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.