I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

6! = 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1. The highest power of 2 that divides exactly into 6! is 4 since (6!) / (2^4 ) = 45. What is the highest power of two that divides exactly into 100!?

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Amazing as it may seem the three fives remaining in the following `skeleton' are sufficient to reconstruct the entire long division sum.

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

The number 10112359550561797752808988764044943820224719 is called a 'slippy number' because, when the last digit 9 is moved to the front, the new number produced is the slippy number multiplied by 9.

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

A game that tests your understanding of remainders.

After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?

Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?

In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.

Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Visitors to Earth from the distant planet of Zub-Zorna were amazed when they found out that when the digits in this multiplication were reversed, the answer was the same! Find a way to explain. . . .

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

What is the smallest number of answers you need to reveal in order to work out the missing headers?

Mathematicians are always looking for efficient methods for solving problems. How efficient can you be?

Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

Take the number 6 469 693 230 and divide it by the first ten prime numbers and you'll find the most beautiful, most magic of all numbers. What is it?

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a product consisting entirely of ones.