Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?

Find a great variety of ways of asking questions which make 8.

Take the number 6 469 693 230 and divide it by the first ten prime numbers and you'll find the most beautiful, most magic of all numbers. What is it?

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?