What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will
only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?
Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?
The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with
the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50
times. What is the value of the digit M?
I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the
remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2.
Can you find my number?
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the
boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many
puzzles and books Santa left.
Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?
A 3 digit number is multiplied by a 2 digit number and the
calculation is written out as shown with a digit in place of each
of the *'s. Complete the whole multiplication sum.
Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the
operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest
whole number you can make?
What is the least square number which commences with six two's?
What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3
and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can
only use each digit once.
Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?
After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one
solution in each case?
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.
Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the
divisors is 331776.
Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?
Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.
Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so
that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used
once and once only.
Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.
When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the
answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is
represented by an "x" .
Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?
A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try
to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.
There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product
of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers
should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I
type. . . .
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock
face. Can you work out who received each piece?
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and
multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the
difference between these products. Why?
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.
This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.
There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple
on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple
and the weights from the picture?
Take the number 6 469 693 230 and divide it by the first ten prime
numbers and you'll find the most beautiful, most magic of all
numbers. What is it?
This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.
Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and
multiply them together. How many different products can you find?
How do you know you've got them all?
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
The number 10112359550561797752808988764044943820224719 is called a
'slippy number' because, when the last digit 9 is moved to the
front, the new number produced is the slippy number multiplied by