What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .

Ben’s class were making cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

Find a great variety of ways of asking questions which make 8.

This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?

After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?

In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

Take the number 6 469 693 230 and divide it by the first ten prime numbers and you'll find the most beautiful, most magic of all numbers. What is it?

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

A 3 digit number is multiplied by a 2 digit number and the calculation is written out as shown with a digit in place of each of the *'s. Complete the whole multiplication sum.

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?