This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a product consisting entirely of ones.

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

Visitors to Earth from the distant planet of Zub-Zorna were amazed when they found out that when the digits in this multiplication were reversed, the answer was the same! Find a way to explain. . . .

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.

Investigate $1^n + 19^n + 20^n + 51^n + 57^n + 80^n + 82^n $ and $2^n + 12^n + 31^n + 40^n + 69^n + 71^n + 85^n$ for different values of n.

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

The number 10112359550561797752808988764044943820224719 is called a 'slippy number' because, when the last digit 9 is moved to the front, the new number produced is the slippy number multiplied by 9.

A 3 digit number is multiplied by a 2 digit number and the calculation is written out as shown with a digit in place of each of the *'s. Complete the whole multiplication sum.

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷) to make these digits come to 100.

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?