56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a product consisting entirely of ones.

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .

A 3 digit number is multiplied by a 2 digit number and the calculation is written out as shown with a digit in place of each of the *'s. Complete the whole multiplication sum.

This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?

Visitors to Earth from the distant planet of Zub-Zorna were amazed when they found out that when the digits in this multiplication were reversed, the answer was the same! Find a way to explain. . . .

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

The number 10112359550561797752808988764044943820224719 is called a 'slippy number' because, when the last digit 9 is moved to the front, the new number produced is the slippy number multiplied by 9.

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

Investigate $1^n + 19^n + 20^n + 51^n + 57^n + 80^n + 82^n $ and $2^n + 12^n + 31^n + 40^n + 69^n + 71^n + 85^n$ for different values of n.

Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?

Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

This challenge is a game for two players. Choose two numbers from the grid and multiply or divide, then mark your answer on the number line. Can you get four in a row before your partner?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

These eleven shapes each stand for a different number. Can you use the multiplication sums to work out what they are?

Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?