Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a product consisting entirely of ones.

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.

This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

A 3 digit number is multiplied by a 2 digit number and the calculation is written out as shown with a digit in place of each of the *'s. Complete the whole multiplication sum.

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷) to make these digits come to 100.

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go. Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?

Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?