Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice?
How could you sort the cards?
Choose a symbol to put into the number sentence.
This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a
maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a
total of 15!
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of
rabbit there are in these pens?
Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different
ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the
totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square
tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using
all 15 tables, with no empty places.
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10
Imagine a pyramid which is built in square layers of small cubes. If we number the cubes from the top, starting with 1, can you picture which cubes are directly below this first cube?
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who
have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to
make all the different orders for 9 families?
Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four
calculations are correct?
This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?
This challenge is a game for two players. Choose two numbers from the grid and multiply or divide, then mark your answer on the number line. Can you get four in a row before your partner?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these
Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged
the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same
total. What was the total and how could this be done?
Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.
Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which
route has the smallest product? Which the largest?
This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers
less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the
alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?
Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of
plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in
each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?
Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?
If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and
multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the
difference between these products. Why?
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.
Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?
Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?
What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This
challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates
Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your
calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add,
subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties
involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows
children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .
Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will
only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and
multiply them together. How many different products can you find?
How do you know you've got them all?
A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the
labels. Can you help relabel them?
There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and
lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children
buy with their money?
In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?
Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a
product consisting entirely of ones.
A 3 digit number is multiplied by a 2 digit number and the
calculation is written out as shown with a digit in place of each
of the *'s. Complete the whole multiplication sum.
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many
sheep there are in each field.
Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate
eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person
Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?
Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
Bernard Bagnall recommends some primary school problems which use
numbers from the environment around us, from clocks to house
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?