This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.
Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a
product consisting entirely of ones.
Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of
plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in
each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?
Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these
Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number
of points each of their routes scores.
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
Can you order the digits from 1-6 to make a number which is
divisible by 6 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a
5-figure number divisible by 5, and so on?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with
the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50
times. What is the value of the digit M?
Ben’s class were making cutting up number tracks. First they
cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What
patterns could they see?
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and
multiply them together. How many different products can you find?
How do you know you've got them all?
In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?
We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they
usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many
altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?
Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.
If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and
multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the
difference between these products. Why?
If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways
of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be
Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?
48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of
its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant
There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?
Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so
that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used
once and once only.
Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷)
to make these digits come to 100.
Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?
This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?
Mathematicians are always looking for efficient methods for solving problems. How efficient can you be?
Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
What is happening at each box in these machines?
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the
Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will
only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125 If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?
After training hard, these two children have improved their
results. Can you work out the length or height of their first
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple
on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple
and the weights from the picture?
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.
When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product
of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers
should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I
type. . . .
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?
Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?