This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.

Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a product consisting entirely of ones.

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷) to make these digits come to 100.

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be each time?

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Mathematicians are always looking for efficient methods for solving problems. How efficient can you be?

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.