Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding,
subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and
8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?
A 3 digit number is multiplied by a 2 digit number and the
calculation is written out as shown with a digit in place of each
of the *'s. Complete the whole multiplication sum.
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will
only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged
the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same
total. What was the total and how could this be done?
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
What is the sum of all the three digit whole numbers?
Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two
digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that
the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product
of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers
should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I
type. . . .
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these
A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try
to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock
face. Can you work out who received each piece?
This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?
Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and
multiply them together. How many different products can you find?
How do you know you've got them all?
Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?
Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the
operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest
whole number you can make?
Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to
generate it with just one number used twice.
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the
boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many
puzzles and books Santa left.
What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3
and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can
only use each digit once.
Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on
both sides have the same total?
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each
Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a
quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?
Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so
that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used
once and once only.
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain
which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest
There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple
on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple
and the weights from the picture?
What is happening at each box in these machines?
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?
Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who
have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to
make all the different orders for 9 families?
Ben’s class were making cutting up number tracks. First they
cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What
patterns could they see?
What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This
challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates
Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...
A game that tests your understanding of remainders.
Look at different ways of dividing things. What do they mean? How might you show them in a picture, with things, with numbers and symbols?
Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is
a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125
spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?
This group activity will encourage you to share calculation
strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the
totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.
Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.
This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.