Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

Take the number 6 469 693 230 and divide it by the first ten prime numbers and you'll find the most beautiful, most magic of all numbers. What is it?

Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how long the race was from the information?

Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

This challenge is a game for two players. Choose two numbers from the grid and multiply or divide, then mark your answer on the number line. Can you get four in a row before your partner?

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?

Use this information to work out whether the front or back wheel of this bicycle gets more wear and tear.

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.

Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?

Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?

Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.