Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what
numbers will come out?
Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate
eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person
On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the
four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?
There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres.
Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.
These sixteen children are standing in four lines of four, one behind the other. They are each holding a card with a number on it. Can you work out the missing numbers?
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many
sheep there are in each field.
Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the
boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many
puzzles and books Santa left.
Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?
Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on
both sides have the same total?
On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs
exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how
many lemons there are?
Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more
than way to do it?
Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged
the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same
total. What was the total and how could this be done?
The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to
find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's
finishing position was.
What is happening at each box in these machines?
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one solution in each case?
Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the
bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock
face. Can you work out who received each piece?
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the
numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts
and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?
Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the
operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest
whole number you can make?
There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding,
subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and
8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?
This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.
This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.
Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
What is the sum of all the three digit whole numbers?
These eleven shapes each stand for a different number. Can you use the multiplication sums to work out what they are?
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?
Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the
On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?
This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.
This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.