The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.

These sixteen children are standing in four lines of four, one behind the other. They are each holding a card with a number on it. Can you work out the missing numbers?

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one solution in each case?

Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

These eleven shapes each stand for a different number. Can you use the multiplication sums to work out what they are?

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.