The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

The number 10112359550561797752808988764044943820224719 is called a 'slippy number' because, when the last digit 9 is moved to the front, the new number produced is the slippy number multiplied by 9.

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

Take the number 6 469 693 230 and divide it by the first ten prime numbers and you'll find the most beautiful, most magic of all numbers. What is it?

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.

Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?

Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.

Investigate $1^n + 19^n + 20^n + 51^n + 57^n + 80^n + 82^n $ and $2^n + 12^n + 31^n + 40^n + 69^n + 71^n + 85^n$ for different values of n.

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.