Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a product consisting entirely of ones.

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

This challenge is a game for two players. Choose two numbers from the grid and multiply or divide, then mark your answer on the number line. Can you get four in a row before your partner?

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

These eleven shapes each stand for a different number. Can you use the multiplication sums to work out what they are?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

A game that tests your understanding of remainders.

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .

A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.