Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the
boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many
puzzles and books Santa left.
Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the
operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest
whole number you can make?
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will
only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?
Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.
There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding,
subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and
8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?
A 3 digit number is multiplied by a 2 digit number and the
calculation is written out as shown with a digit in place of each
of the *'s. Complete the whole multiplication sum.
What is the sum of all the three digit whole numbers?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3
and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can
only use each digit once.
There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple
on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple
and the weights from the picture?
Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try
to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.
Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?
In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.
Take the number 6 469 693 230 and divide it by the first ten prime
numbers and you'll find the most beautiful, most magic of all
numbers. What is it?
Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.
After training hard, these two children have improved their
results. Can you work out the length or height of their first
Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock
face. Can you work out who received each piece?
Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and
multiply them together. How many different products can you find?
How do you know you've got them all?
Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.
Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how
long the race was from the information?
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each
Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on
both sides have the same total?
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who
have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to
make all the different orders for 9 families?
Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷)
to make these digits come to 100.
Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?
What is happening at each box in these machines?
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the
Use this information to work out whether the front or back wheel of
this bicycle gets more wear and tear.
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your
skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit
the target score.
This group activity will encourage you to share calculation
strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the
totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice?
How could you sort the cards?
Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...
What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This
challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates
Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?
Can you order the digits from 1-6 to make a number which is
divisible by 6 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a
5-figure number divisible by 5, and so on?