Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to
find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's
finishing position was.
Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...
The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems.
Can you discover its value in each problem?
What is the sum of all the three digit whole numbers?
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?
There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding,
subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and
8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?
Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more
than way to do it?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
What is happening at each box in these machines?
This group activity will encourage you to share calculation
strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most
Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate
eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person
On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the
four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?
There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres.
Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.
What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the
result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different
numbers and different rules.
If the answer's 2010, what could the question be?
Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on
both sides have the same total?
Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs
exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how
many lemons there are?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number
system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a
look at the multiplications table.
This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each
If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what
numbers will come out?
Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the
bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock
face. Can you work out who received each piece?
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the
numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts
and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many
sheep there are in each field.
On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125 If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who
have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to
make all the different orders for 9 families?
How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?
Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷)
to make these digits come to 100.
Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange
the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?
There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square
tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using
all 15 tables, with no empty places.
Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a
quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?
Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which
route has the smallest product? Which the largest?
This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a
maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a
total of 15!
48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of
its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant
Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these
We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they
usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many
altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?
Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of
rabbit there are in these pens?