Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.
There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple
on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple
and the weights from the picture?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so
that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used
once and once only.
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.
48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?
Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the
boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many
puzzles and books Santa left.
There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?
Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?
If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what
numbers will come out?
Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?
Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.
This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.
These sixteen children are standing in four lines of four, one behind the other. They are each holding a card with a number on it. Can you work out the missing numbers?
In this investigation, you are challenged to make mobile phone
numbers which are easy to remember. What happens if you make a
sequence adding 2 each time?
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...
After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these
EWWNP means Exploring Wild and Wonderful Number Patterns Created by Yourself! Investigate what happens if we create number patterns using some simple rules.
Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the
operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest
whole number you can make?
Take the number 6 469 693 230 and divide it by the first ten prime
numbers and you'll find the most beautiful, most magic of all
numbers. What is it?
What is the sum of all the three digit whole numbers?
Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and
multiply them together. How many different products can you find?
How do you know you've got them all?
There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding,
subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and
8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?
Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different
ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the
There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and
lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children
buy with their money?
I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the
remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2.
Can you find my number?
Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go.
Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of
rabbit there are in these pens?
Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many
sheep there are in each field.
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.
A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the
divisors is 331776.