Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a
product consisting entirely of ones.
If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and
multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the
difference between these products. Why?
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the
totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one
solution in each case?
Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your
calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add,
subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of
plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in
each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?
This challenge is a game for two players. Choose two numbers from the grid and multiply or divide, then mark your answer on the number line. Can you get four in a row before your partner?
Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?
Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?
Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.
This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties
involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows
children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .
The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases
overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of
his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged
the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same
total. What was the total and how could this be done?
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and
multiply them together. How many different products can you find?
How do you know you've got them all?
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the
boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many
puzzles and books Santa left.
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square
tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using
all 15 tables, with no empty places.
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of
rabbit there are in these pens?
A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your
skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit
the target score.
A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?
Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which
route has the smallest product? Which the largest?
This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?
These eleven shapes each stand for a different number. Can you use the multiplication sums to work out what they are?
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a
maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a
total of 15!
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who
have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to
make all the different orders for 9 families?
A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try
to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.
Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so
that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used
once and once only.
A game that tests your understanding of remainders.
There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding,
subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and
8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will
only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10
Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?
What is the sum of all the three digit whole numbers?
Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different
ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain
which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest