Find a great variety of ways of asking questions which make 8.

What is the smallest number of answers you need to reveal in order to work out the missing headers?

Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Investigate $1^n + 19^n + 20^n + 51^n + 57^n + 80^n + 82^n $ and $2^n + 12^n + 31^n + 40^n + 69^n + 71^n + 85^n$ for different values of n.

Using some or all of the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division and using the digits 3, 3, 8 and 8 each once and only once make an expression equal to 24.

The number 10112359550561797752808988764044943820224719 is called a 'slippy number' because, when the last digit 9 is moved to the front, the new number produced is the slippy number multiplied by 9.

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .

Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .

Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷) to make these digits come to 100.

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

Ben’s class were making cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

Use this information to work out whether the front or back wheel of this bicycle gets more wear and tear.

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how long the race was from the information?

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.

A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?