Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will
only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
What is the sum of all the three digit whole numbers?
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
Ben’s class were making cutting up number tracks. First they
cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What
patterns could they see?
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock
face. Can you work out who received each piece?
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding,
subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and
8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?
Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?
Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?
What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3
and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can
only use each digit once.
When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product
of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers
should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I
type. . . .
Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of
plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in
each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.
Use this information to work out whether the front or back wheel of
this bicycle gets more wear and tear.
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the
boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many
puzzles and books Santa left.
Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on
both sides have the same total?
There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how
long the race was from the information?
What is happening at each box in these machines?
Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?
Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷)
to make these digits come to 100.
There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple
on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple
and the weights from the picture?
If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what
numbers will come out?
This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.
Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?
After training hard, these two children have improved their
results. Can you work out the length or height of their first
Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?
Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number
of points each of their routes scores.
In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.
Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
Can you order the digits from 1-6 to make a number which is
divisible by 6 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a
5-figure number divisible by 5, and so on?
What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the
result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different
numbers and different rules.
This group activity will encourage you to share calculation
strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many
sheep there are in each field.