Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Ben’s class were making cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how long the race was from the information?

Use this information to work out whether the front or back wheel of this bicycle gets more wear and tear.

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

These sixteen children are standing in four lines of four, one behind the other. They are each holding a card with a number on it. Can you work out the missing numbers?

Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?

In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.

This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.

After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

Can you order the digits from 1-6 to make a number which is divisible by 6 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 5-figure number divisible by 5, and so on?

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.