The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock
face. Can you work out who received each piece?
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of
plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in
each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?
The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?
Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to
find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's
finishing position was.
On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs
exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how
many lemons there are?
Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more
than way to do it?
Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged
the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same
total. What was the total and how could this be done?
There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres.
Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these
What is happening at each box in these machines?
Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate
eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person
There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square
tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using
all 15 tables, with no empty places.
On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the
four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?
48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will
only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the
boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many
puzzles and books Santa left.
Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on
both sides have the same total?
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?
What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3
and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can
only use each digit once.
What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who
have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to
make all the different orders for 9 families?
This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?
This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a
maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a
total of 15!
If the answer's 2010, what could the question be?
After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?
Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the
bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?
If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what
numbers will come out?
There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding,
subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and
8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?
Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?
Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the
operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest
whole number you can make?
Take the number 6 469 693 230 and divide it by the first ten prime
numbers and you'll find the most beautiful, most magic of all
numbers. What is it?
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of
rabbit there are in these pens?
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different
ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the