Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?

Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?