The number 10112359550561797752808988764044943820224719 is called a 'slippy number' because, when the last digit 9 is moved to the front, the new number produced is the slippy number multiplied by 9.

Visitors to Earth from the distant planet of Zub-Zorna were amazed when they found out that when the digits in this multiplication were reversed, the answer was the same! Find a way to explain. . . .

When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .

Investigate $1^n + 19^n + 20^n + 51^n + 57^n + 80^n + 82^n $ and $2^n + 12^n + 31^n + 40^n + 69^n + 71^n + 85^n$ for different values of n.

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

Amazing as it may seem the three fives remaining in the following `skeleton' are sufficient to reconstruct the entire long division sum.

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how long the race was from the information?

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?

In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?

These pictures and answers leave the viewer with the problem "What is the Question". Can you give the question and how the answer follows?

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.