The number 10112359550561797752808988764044943820224719 is called a 'slippy number' because, when the last digit 9 is moved to the front, the new number produced is the slippy number multiplied by 9.

Amazing as it may seem the three fives remaining in the following `skeleton' are sufficient to reconstruct the entire long division sum.

Visitors to Earth from the distant planet of Zub-Zorna were amazed when they found out that when the digits in this multiplication were reversed, the answer was the same! Find a way to explain. . . .

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

Investigate $1^n + 19^n + 20^n + 51^n + 57^n + 80^n + 82^n $ and $2^n + 12^n + 31^n + 40^n + 69^n + 71^n + 85^n$ for different values of n.

Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

These pictures and answers leave the viewer with the problem "What is the Question". Can you give the question and how the answer follows?

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Mathematicians are always looking for efficient methods for solving problems. How efficient can you be?

Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how long the race was from the information?

Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.