Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

Investigate $1^n + 19^n + 20^n + 51^n + 57^n + 80^n + 82^n $ and $2^n + 12^n + 31^n + 40^n + 69^n + 71^n + 85^n$ for different values of n.

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

These eleven shapes each stand for a different number. Can you use the multiplication sums to work out what they are?

Using some or all of the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division and using the digits 3, 3, 8 and 8 each once and only once make an expression equal to 24.

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go. Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷) to make these digits come to 100.

These sixteen children are standing in four lines of four, one behind the other. They are each holding a card with a number on it. Can you work out the missing numbers?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.

Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?

This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? Don't forget to keep visiting NRICH projects site for the latest developments and questions.