When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product
of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers
should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I
type. . . .
This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many
sheep there are in each field.
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one solution in each case?
Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?
On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs
exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how
many lemons there are?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3
and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can
only use each digit once.
Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate
eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person
This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.
Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?
If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what
numbers will come out?
The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?
Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to
find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's
finishing position was.
Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more
than way to do it?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres.
Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the
four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?
What is the sum of all the three digit whole numbers?
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
What is happening at each box in these machines?
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the
totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.
Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the
bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?
Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the
numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts
and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?
Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?
Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on
both sides have the same total?
There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding,
subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and
8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?
Investigate $1^n + 19^n + 20^n + 51^n + 57^n + 80^n + 82^n $ and $2^n + 12^n + 31^n + 40^n + 69^n + 71^n + 85^n$ for different values of n.
Find a great variety of ways of asking questions which make 8.
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock
face. Can you work out who received each piece?
Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go.
Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?
This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.
There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple
on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple
and the weights from the picture?
Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.