Imagine you were given the chance to win some money... and imagine
you had nothing to lose...
Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the
numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts
and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?
After training hard, these two children have improved their
results. Can you work out the length or height of their first
Using some or all of the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division and using the digits 3, 3, 8 and 8 each once and only once make an expression equal to 24.
Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a
quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?
Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?
This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who
have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to
make all the different orders for 9 families?
Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?
Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on
both sides have the same total?
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?
This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a
maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a
total of 15!
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.
48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of
its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant
Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...
The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?
On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs
exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how
many lemons there are?
Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more
than way to do it?
Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to
find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's
finishing position was.
Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange
the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of
plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in
each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go.
Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?
What is happening at each box in these machines?
Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷)
to make these digits come to 100.
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of
rabbit there are in these pens?
There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres.
Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each
On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125 If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will
only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what
numbers will come out?
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the
Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many
sheep there are in each field.
The triangles in these sets are similar - can you work out the
lengths of the sides which have question marks?
This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
What is the sum of all the three digit whole numbers?