During the third hour after midnight the hands on a clock point in
the same direction (so one hand is over the top of the other). At
what time, to the nearest second, does this happen?
Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how
long the race was from the information?
Mr. Sunshine tells the children they will have 2 hours of homework.
After several calculations, Harry says he hasn't got time to do
this homework. Can you see where his reasoning is wrong?
Use this information to work out whether the front or back wheel of
this bicycle gets more wear and tear.
This article for teachers suggests ideas for activities built around 10 and 2010.
If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways
of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be
What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This
challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates
There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square
tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using
all 15 tables, with no empty places.
Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on
both sides have the same total?
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who
have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to
make all the different orders for 9 families?
These eleven shapes each stand for a different number. Can you use
the multiplication sums to work out what they are?
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one
solution in each case?
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps
and ice-cream cost altogether.
If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and
multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the
difference between these products. Why?
Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.
Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four
calculations are correct?
This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers
less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the
alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of
rabbit there are in these pens?
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs
exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how
many lemons there are?
Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to
generate it with just one number used twice.
This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a
maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a
total of 15!
This challenge is a game for two players. Choose two numbers from the grid and multiply or divide, then mark your answer on the number line. Can you get four in a row before your partner?
Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your
calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add,
subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which
route has the smallest product? Which the largest?
The triangles in these sets are similar - can you work out the
lengths of the sides which have question marks?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged
the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same
total. What was the total and how could this be done?
There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?
This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties
involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows
children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .
Choose a symbol to put into the number sentence.
Imagine a pyramid which is built in square layers of small cubes.
If we number the cubes from the top, starting with 1, can you
picture which cubes are directly below this first cube?
Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?
A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the
labels. Can you help relabel them?
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10
In the multiplication sum, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and
lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children
buy with their money?
Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different
ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the
In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?
Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and
multiply them together. How many different products can you find?
How do you know you've got them all?
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple
on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple
and the weights from the picture?
Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so
that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used
once and once only.
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the
Bernard Bagnall recommends some primary school problems which use
numbers from the environment around us, from clocks to house
Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a
product consisting entirely of ones.
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the
totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of
plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in
each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?
On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125 If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?
Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number
of points each of their routes scores.