Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

Find another number that is one short of a square number and when you double it and add 1, the result is also a square number.

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?

Mr. Sunshine tells the children they will have 2 hours of homework. After several calculations, Harry says he hasn't got time to do this homework. Can you see where his reasoning is wrong?

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?

How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?

Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go. Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷) to make these digits come to 100.

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.