There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?
Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?
What is the sum of all the three digit whole numbers?
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?
There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?
After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?
Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.
Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.
This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?
Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.
Take the number 6 469 693 230 and divide it by the first ten prime numbers and you'll find the most beautiful, most magic of all numbers. What is it?
In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.
Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?
Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?
Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.
Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?
There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?
Mr. Sunshine tells the children they will have 2 hours of homework. After several calculations, Harry says he hasn't got time to do this homework. Can you see where his reasoning is wrong?
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?
This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
What is happening at each box in these machines?
Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how long the race was from the information?
Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
The triangles in these sets are similar - can you work out the lengths of the sides which have question marks?
Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?
Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.
Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?